XML Shareable Playlist Format
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (March 2013)|
|Internet media type||
|Developed by||Xiph.Org Foundation|
|Type of format||Playlist|
XSPF is a data format for sharing the kind of playlist that can be played on a personal computer or portable device. In the same way that any user on any computer can open any web page, XSPF is intended to provide portability for playlists.
Traditionally playlists have been composed of file paths that pointed to individual titles. This allowed a playlist to be played locally on one machine or shared if the listed file paths were URLs accessible to more than one machine (e.g., on the web). XSPF's meta-data rich open format has permitted a new kind of playlist sharing called content resolution.
A simple form of content resolution is the localisation of a playlist based on metadata. An XSPF-compliant content resolver will open XSPF playlists and search a catalog for every title with <creator>, <album> and <title> tags, then localise the playlist to reference the available matching tracks. A catalog may reference a collection of media files on a local disk, a music subscription service like Yahoo! Music Unlimited, or some other searchable archive. The end result is shareable playlists that are not tied to a specific collection or service.
Example of an XSPF 1.0 playlist
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <playlist version="1" xmlns="http://xspf.org/ns/0/"> <trackList> <track> <title>Windows Path</title> <location>file://C:/music/foo.mp3</location> </track> <track> <title>Linux Path</title> <location>file://media/music/foo.mp3</location> </track> <track> <title>Relative Path</title> <location>music/foo.mp3</location> </track> <track> <title>External Example</title> <location>http://www.example.com/music/bar.ogg</location> </track> </trackList> </playlist>
XSPF was created by an ad hoc working group which kicked off in February 2004, achieved rough consensus on version 0 in April 2004, worked on implementations and fine tuning throughout summer and fall 2004, and declared the tuned version to be version 1 in January 2005.
XSPF is not a recommendation of any standards body besides Xiph.Org Foundation.
- A playlist format like M3U or ASX
- MIME content-type of application/xspf+xml
- Patent-free (no patents by the primary authors)
- Specification under the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 2.5 license
- XML, like Atom
- Unicode support
- Cross-platform support
Software and web playlist converters
- Tomahawk Music Player
- VLC media player (stand-alone player, available on every major platform)
- XMMS2 (has a plugin to parse XSPF)
- Last.fm (export of playlists and personal tag radios in XSPF)
- re/spin (playlist converter for Rdio)
- Soundiiz (playlist converter for several streaming sites)
- Other playlist file formats
- ASX - Windows media
- M3U - The most common playlist format
- PLS - SHOUTcast
- WPL - Windows Media Player
- "XSPF: XML Shareable Playlist Format: Quick Start". Retrieved 2009-04-23.