Xerula radicata

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Xerula radicata
Xerula.radicata3.-.lindsey.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Physalacriaceae
Genus: Xerula
Species: X. radicata
Binomial name
Xerula radicata
(Relhan) Dörfelt
Synonyms

Oudemansiella radicata

Xerula radicata
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Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is flat

or umbonate
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: edible

Xerula radicata, commonly known as the deep root mushroom or the rooting shank, is a widespread Agaric readily identified by its deeply rooted stalk (stipe). It is synonymous with Oudemansiella radicata.

Description[edit]

The cap is medium to large, flat, grayish or yellowish brown and streaked, with a central hump and has a size of between 5-12.5 cm. The surface of the cap is sticky or slimy when moist, with the underside displaying wide white gills, or Lamella. The brittle stalk tapers at both ends and is nearly white above to brown below the soil.[1]

The stem grows into a long deeply rooting tap root until it touches a piece of wood. This may grow up to 20 cm in length in some specimens.[2]

Similar species[edit]

Similar to Oudemansiella longipes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ McKnight, Kent H. and McKnight, Vera B.(1987) A Field Guide to Mushrooms North America. New York, NY: Houston Mifflin Company
  2. ^ Kibby, Geoffrey (2004-04-20). Mushrooms and Fungi. London: Chrysalis Children's Books. ISBN 9781903954805.