Yaakov Yitzchak Rabinowicz
|Yaakov Yitzchak Rabinowicz|
|Died||1813 (aged 46–47)|
|Known for||Founder of the Peshischa sect of Hasidism in Przysucha, Poland|
Yaakov Yitzchak Rabinowicz (Polish: Jakub Izaak Rabinowicz; 1766–1813), also known as the Yid Hakodosh (Yiddish: ייִד הקדוש; Hebrew: היהודי הקדוש, HaYehudi HaKadosh, "The Holy Jew"), was the founder of the Peshischa (פשיסחא, Yiddish) sect of Hasidism in Przysucha, Poland, which was "an elitist, rationalistic Hasidism that centered on Talmudic study and formed a counterpoint to the miracle-centered Hasidism of Lublin." He held court in the grand synagogue of Przysucha.
He was born in 1766. A disciple of The Seer of Lublin, from whom he broke, and the teacher of Rabbi Simcha Bunim of Peshischa, to whom was passed the helm of his yeshiva, he was also the patriarch of the Biala Hasidic dynasty. His break from The Seer is dramatically recounted in Martin Buber's Gog Und Magog, published in English as For the Sake of Heaven. He died in 1813.
His teachings are documented in the post-humous work, Wonders of the Holy Jew (נפלאות היהודי). Peshischa Hasidism transmogrified into both Izhbitz and Ger Hasidism, the latter being one of the world's largest contemporary Hasidic sects.