Yitzchak Meir Alter
Yitzchak Meir Alter
Yitzchak Meir Rotenberg-Alter
|Died||10 March 1866(aged 66–67)|
|Successor||Chanokh Heynekh HaKohen Levin of Aleksander|
|Main work||Chiddushei Harim|
Yitzchak Meir Rotenberg-Alter (Polish: Icchak Meir Rothenberg Alter, Hebrew: יצחק מאיר אלתר, 1799 – 10 March 1866), was the first Rebbe of the Ger Hasidic dynasty, which he founded in the town of Góra Kalwaria (known as "Ger" in Yiddish), Poland. He headed the Kupath Rabbi Meir Baal Haness Kollel Polen (Poland) Varsha (Warsaw) (Hebrew קופת רמבעה"ן כולל פולין ורשה / וארשא). He was also known as The Chiddushei HaRim (החדושי הרי"ם) for his Torah writings, and was sometimes fondly called Reb Itche Meir (Yiddish) by his followers.
Alter was born in Magnuszew, Prussian Poland, in late 1799. He came from a very distinguished family of rabbis, among the most prominent in Germany and Poland. He was a descendant of Rashi and of the Tosafist, Rabbi Meir ben Baruch of Rothenburg.
He married Feigele Lipszyc, daughter of Moshe 'Halfon' Lipszyc, in 1811, and settled in Warsaw. They had fourteen children, according to most published sources, most of whom died in infancy.
Alter became known as a Talmudic gaon. At first, he was close to the rebbes of Kozhnitz, however after some years, he was drawn to Rebbe Simcha Bunim of Prshischa, whose close adherent he became. After the demise of Simcha Bunim, Alter became a disciple of Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Kotzk, also known as the Kotzker Rebbe, who was famous for his acerbic wit and Talmudic brilliance. He was soon followed by a large number of Simcha Bunim's followers. Alter and the Kotzker Rebbe eventually became brothers-in-law, when the latter married Chaya Lipszyc, the sister of Alter's wife Feigele.
Alter was temporarily succeeded as the Rebbe of the Ger hasidim by his colleague and disciple, Rabbi Chanoch Henoch of Aleksander.
One of his sons, Avraham Mordechai, and three daughters, Cyna Pesia, Leah Hudes, and Esther, survived to adulthood and married. However, by the time of Alter's death on 23 Adar 5626 (1866), only one child (Esther) remained alive.
Rabbi Alter is still well known for his talmudic commentary, though he wrote on many other areas. Extant published works are:
- Chiddushei HaRim on Choshen Mishpat Part 1 Part 3
- Chiddushei HaRim on Torah link
- Chiddushei HaRim on Bava Batra link
- Chiddushei HaRim on Bava Metzia link
- Chiddushei HaRim on Bava Kama link
- Chiddushei HaRim on Shavuot link
- Chiddushei HaRim on Gittin link
- Chiddushei HaRim on Ketubot link
- Chiddushei HaRim on Pirkei Avot link
Rebbes of Ger
- Yitzchak Meir Rotenberg-Alter (1799–1866)
- Chanoch Henoch of Aleksander (1798–1870)
- Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter (1847–1905)
- Avraham Mordechai Alter (1866–1948)
- Yisrael Alter (1895–1977)
- Simcha Bunim Alter (1898–1992)
- Pinchas Menachem Alter (1926–1996)
- Yaakov Aryeh Alter (b. 1939)
- Meir Einei Hagoilo, by Avrohom Yisochor Binyomin Alter and Avrohom Mordechai Alter, (1928)
- Toldoth Horim, by Itshe Myer Broder of Ger.
- No. 100, Elul 5727, page 80 בית יעקב, פנחס יעקב הכהן לוין