|• Intendente Municipal||Cecilio Arzamendia Vera|
|• Total||192 km2 (74 sq mi)|
|Elevation||61 m (200 ft)|
|• Density||142/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||(595) (533)|
Yaguarón is a city in Paraguay, located at the base of Yaguarón Hill in the Yaguarón District of Paraguarí Department, 48 kilometres (30 mi) from the capital Asunción. The town began as a Franciscan reservation for the Guaraní Indians.
It contains a famous and visually stunning church, the building of which, led by Fray Alonso de Buenaventura, started in 1640 and took 60 years to complete.
Yaguarón is also notable as the birthplace of José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia, dictator of Paraguay 1814–1840, whose strong authoritarianism earned him the name El Supremo. His house is now a museum – located only 100 or so meters from the church.
In the beginning the city was called Jaguarú, which means in Guaraní mythology an enormous dog or jaguar that inhabited the region.
Located in the foot of a hill with the same name, the city started as a Franciscan Mission with the Guaraní population.
In 1600, Fray Alonso de Buenaventura and his followers built an imposing church that still stands nowadays and is one of the most beautiful examples of Franciscan construction in Paraguay.
The Paraguayan dictator Jose Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia was born in Yaguarón in 1766.
The average temperature is 21 °C (70 °F), in summer reaches 39 °C (102 °F) and in winter drops to 2 °C (36 °F).
It has a total of 27.250 inhabitants, 13.965 men and 13.286 women, according to information provided by the Statistics, Polls and Census General Direction.
The economical activities of its population are the agriculture, production of clothes and sports gear.
Located 48 kilometers from Asunción, capital of the country, the access to the city is through Route No. 1 “Mcal. Francisco Solano López”.
The Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia Museum is located just a block away from the church. In there are a variety of belongings of Francia and other objects from the 19th century.
The cavern of Saint Thomas is the place of a legend. This legend narrates that in the area, lived a priest, Pa’i Sumé, who is said left marks in his trip through the region. The road that leads to the cavern was venerated by the natives of the area, who told stories of a blond man that came much before the Spanish arrived and showed them how to cultivate the corn.
The Franciscan settled in Yaguarón and in the altar of the church they built can be appreciated the Hispanic-Guaraní style of the carvings the natives made by hand.
The festivity of Saint Roque on August 16 is celebrated in a chapel built in his honor. Because it is said that this saint is the protector of dogs, in the celebration, people make very particular offerings with the shape of dogs.
Yaguarón keeps one of the oldest musical traditions of Paraguay: The “Petete Peteke” Para’i Band, from Guayaibity Town, which uses the original musical instruments of the natives.
In the top of the Yaguarón Hill there is an Oratory, from where the beautiful landscape can be appreciated. The legend tells that in this hill are the footprints of Saint Thomas.
- World Gazeteer: Paraguay – World-Gazetteer.com
- Geografía Ilustrada del Paraguay, Distribuidora Arami SRL; 2007. ISBN 99925-68-04-6
- Geografía del Paraguay, Primera Edición 1999, Editorial Hispana Paraguay SRL
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