Yamada Line (JR East)
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A KiHa 110 series DMU car on the Yamada Line in March 2012
|Opened||10 October 1923|
|Line length||157.5 km (97.9 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The Yamada Line (山田線 Yamada-sen?) is a railway line in Japan operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East). It originally connected Morioka Station in Morioka, Iwate to Kamaishi Station in Kamaishi, Iwate via Miyako Station in Miyako, Iwate. The tracks from Morioka Station to Miyako parallel the Hei River through a mountain valley.
The Miyako to Kamaishi section, which parallels the Sanriku-Kaigan Sea, was extensively damaged by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Service has not resumed on this portion of the Yamada Line, and in February 2012, JR East officially proposed that this section of the line be scrapped and the right-of-way used as a bus rapid transit (BRT) route.
Stations in greyed out cells have been closed since the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami.
|Miyako||宮古||102.1||Sanriku Railway Kita-Rias Line
(A few through services to Kamaishi and Sakari)
- Closed in March 2016.
The Morioka to Kami-Yonai section opened on 10 October 1923, and the line was opened to Kamaishi in sections between 1928 and 1939.
Freight services ceased between 1984 and 1986.
With the privatization of Japanese National Railways (JNR) on 1 April 1987, the line became part of the JR East network.
The 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami closed the Morioka - Miyako section for one month. The Miyako to Kamaishi section has not been reopened, and the route is proposed for conversion to bus rapid transit (BRT).
Ōshida and Asagishi stations were closed from January until 15 March 2013 due to low utilization during the winter months. The two stations closed following the last day of services on 25 March 2016.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.
- 被災２路線、廃止しバス専用道提案へ ＪＲ東、岩手県に [JR East proposes to scrap two lines and convert to bus routes]. The Asahi Shimbun Digital (in Japanese). Japan: The Asahi Shimbun Company. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2012.
- 奥羽・山田線駅を冬季休止へ [Ou & Yamada Line stations to be closed during winter season]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 53 no. 622. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. February 2013. p. 163.
- 災害による鉄道運休、震災前の被災区間が全て解消…3月末 [Suspended rail lines - All lines closed before earthquake to be reopened by end of March]. Response (in Japanese). Japan: IID Inc. 1 April 2016. Retrieved 5 May 2016.