|Male in Ecuador|
It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Grenada, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela. It has occurred as a vagrant in Saint Vincent. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical high-altitude shrubland, pastureland, and heavily degraded former forest.
One study in Brazil, estimated that 16,800 yellow-bellied seedeaters are illegal caught and sold as pets annually.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Sporophila nigricollis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Regueira, R. F. S., & Bernard, E. (2012). Wildlife sinks: Quantifying the impact of illegal bird trade in street markets in Brazil. Biological Conservation, 149(1), 16-22.
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