Yellow bittern

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Yellow bittern
Ixobrychus sinensis - Chinese Garden.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Pelecaniformes
Family: Ardeidae
Genus: Ixobrychus
I. sinensis
Binomial name
Ixobrychus sinensis
(Gmelin, 1789)

The yellow bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis) is a small bittern. It is of Old World origins, breeding in the northern Indian Subcontinent, east to the Russian Far East, Japan and Indonesia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds migrate short distances. It has been recorded as a vagrant in Alaska and there is a single sighting in Great Britain, from Radipole Lake, Dorset on November 23, 1962 – however, the British Ornithologists' Union has always considered this occurrence to be of uncertain provenance and currently it is not accepted onto the official British List.

This is a small species at 36 to 38 cm (14 to 15 in) in length, with a short neck and longish bill. The male is uniformly dull yellow above and buff below. The head and neck are chestnut, with a black crown. The female's crown, neck and breast are streaked brown, and the juvenile is like the female but heavily streaked brown below, and mottled with buff above. Yellow bitterns feed on insects, fish and amphibians.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Egg, Collection Museum Wiesbaden

The yellow bittern's breeding habitat is reed beds. They nest on platforms of reeds in shrubs. Four to six eggs are laid. They can be difficult to see, given their skulking lifestyle and reed bed habitat, but tend to fly fairly frequently, when the striking contrast between the black flight feathers and the otherwise yellowish plumage makes them unmistakable.


The yellow bittern is protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Media related to yellow bittern at Wikimedia Commons


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Ixobrychus sinensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22697303A93606843. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22697303A93606843.en. Retrieved 25 October 2021.

Further reading[edit]