Yevgeny Ivanovich Kamzolkin (Russian: Евгений Иванович Камзолкин; 19 February 1885 – 18 March 1957) was a Russian and Soviet artist-decorator, photographer, and author of the hammer and sickle symbol later used in the State emblem of the Soviet Union.
Born into the family of a Moscow merchant Ivan Kamzolkina, Kamzolkin was the grandson of a serf and grew up without a father. Between 1904 and 1912 he studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture under the tutorship of Abram Arkhipov and Nikolay Kasatkin. In 1907, he exhibited work at the International Photography Exhibition in Turin.
In 1918, he proposed a 'hammer and sickle' symbol as a decoration for the May Day celebrations in the Zamoskvorechye District of Moscow. Other designs that were rejected included a hammer with an anvil, a plough with a sword and scythe with a wrench.
After the October Revolution he worked on sets for many productions in a Zamoskvorechye theatre, including The Death of Ivan the Terrible by A. K. Tolstoy. During the 1920s he lived in Pushkino. There he taught arts and crafts to the Pushkin musical and artistic labour colony. Between 1935 and 1936 he participated in the design of the Novosibirsk railway station.
In 1947, on the 30th anniversary of the October Revolution, reporters contacted Kamzolkin at his cabin in Pushkino. Regarding the hammer and sickle, he said "Of course, this emblem, I only considered a decoration of the May Day holiday, and I had no idea that it would later enter our national coat of arms as a symbol of the people's power". He died on 18 March 1957, and was buried in Pushkino.
- "K - The Register of professional artists of the Russian Empire, the USSR, Russian emigration, Russian Federation and the republics of former Soviet Union (XVIII–XXI centuries)". Artunion.ru. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "Художник Камзолкин Евгений Иванович". Picture-russia.ru. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
- "АртРу.инфо - Художники - Камзолкин Евгений Иванович". Artru.info. 1957-03-18. Retrieved 2017-01-02.