York County Hospital

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York County Hospital, York, England. Steel engraving by H. C Wellcome V0014646

York County Hospital (1740–1977) was a hospital in York, England. The building was grade II listed in 1968 and is now in use as private dwellings.[1]

It was founded in April 1740 in a rented house in Monkgate and moved in 1745 to a new larger building with 50 beds fronting onto Monkgate. In the first five years of the hospital, 2,417 patients were treated.

According to one account, "the benevolent Lady Hastings, who, in the year 1749, bequeathed a legacy of £500, for the relief of the diseased poor in the county of York; which fund being augmented by other contributions, the present edifice was soon after erected."[2]

In 1840 there was a competition to design a new hospital and in 1851 the original (1745) building was demolished and replaced with a new building costing around £11,000 - £7,000 from subscriptions and £4,000 from existing funds. The new building was built behind the previous building and offered considerably more space, with one hundred beds. It was designed by JB & W. Atkinson.[3]

In 1887, the hospital merged with the York Eye Institution which had been opened in 1875, but which was being rarely used.[4] In 1902 a nurses’ home was built by the hospital.

York suffered a major attack (The Baedeker Raids) by the Luftwaffe on 29 April 1942. Many of the casualties, who would later go on to die, were treated at the County Hospital.[5][6]

In 1977 the hospital facilities moved to York Hospital which had six hundred beds; the ante-natal clinic remained on-site until 1980. The Sainsbury’s supermarket at Jewbury was then built while the hospital building, renamed County House, was turned into flats after being used for a while as the headquarters of Yorkshire Water.[7]

People linked with the hospital[edit]


  1. ^ Historic England. "County House  (Grade II) (1257202)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  2. ^ The Stranger's guide through the City of York and its cathedral (6 ed.). York: Bellerby's. 1837. pp. 161–162. OCLC 644088283. 
  3. ^ "Public services". british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  4. ^ "The National Archives | Search the archives | Hospital Records| Details". www.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  5. ^ "Remembering the York Blitz bombing". BBC News. 29 April 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  6. ^ "List of those who died in the air raid on York 29 April 1942" (PDF). stmartinsyork.org.uk. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  7. ^ "Understanding the city, Seven - Monkgate" (PDF). www.york.gov.uk. p. 3. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°57′46.9″N 1°04′32″W / 53.963028°N 1.07556°W / 53.963028; -1.07556