ZIL-135

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ZIL-135
ZIL135 LM vorn.JPG
An East German ZIL-135 equipped with a FROG-7 missile
Overview
Manufacturer
Production
  • 1959-1963 (ZIL)
  • 1963-1994? (BAZ)
Powertrain
Engine
  • 5.6L ZIL-123F I6 x2 (prototype)
  • 6.9L ZIL-375YA V8 x2
Transmission
  • 6-speed automatic, x2
  • 5-speed manual, x2 (ZIL-135LM)
Dimensions
Length 9,260 mm (364.6 in)
Width 3,130 mm (123.2 in)
Height 3,060 mm (120.5 in)
Curb weight 7,000 kg (15,432 lb)

The ZIL-135 is a large, eight-wheeled military transport and self-propelled artillery truck produced in the Cold War by the Soviet Union starting in 1959. Its purpose was to carry and launch an artillery missile, specifically a FROG-7, from surface-to-surface. The ZIL-135 was widely exported to other communist countries, most notably North Korea, where it is a common sight in films and military marches. It also served as the TEL for the BM-27 Uragan artillery rocket system.

Variants[edit]

ZiL[edit]

  • ZIL-135 (9P113): launcher for FROG-7 (Luna-M) missile (1959)
  • ZIL-135B: amphibious version of ZIL-135 (1959)
  • ZIL-135e: non-amphibious version of ZIL-135B (1960)
  • ZIL-135E: Diesel-electric transmission (1965)
  • ZIL-135K: launcher for C-5 missile (1961)
  • ZIL-135KM: launcher for SS-N-3 Shaddock missile (1962, prototype for BAZ)
  • ZIL-135KP: land train (1969)
  • ZIL-135L: improved suspension (1961)
  • ZIL-135LM: ZIL-135L with manual transmission (1964)
  • ZIL-135LN: chassis-cab based on ZIL-135K
  • ZIL-135P: amphibious landing transport (landing barge) (1965)
  • ZIL-135SH: zero-turn radius (1967)

BAZ[edit]

  • ZIL-135K: launcher for FCR-2 missile (1961)
  • BAV-135LM: ZIL-135K with manual transmission (1963)
    • BAV-135LMT (BAV-135L7): tropical weather version of BAV-135LM (1968)
  • BAV-135LMP: launcher for BM-27 Uragan MLRS (1976)
  • BAV-135LTM: transporter for Luna-M missile (1963)
  • BAV-135L4: civilian version (1968)
  • BAV-E135G: experimental prototype with gas turbine engine
  • BAV-135M1: prototype with a single diesel engine
  • BAV-135MB: launcher for SPU-35V, Tu-143 and Tu-243 (1964)
    • BAV-135MBP: BAV-135MB with metal cargo platform
    • BAV-135MBK: BAV-135MB with increased cargo and towing capacity (1991)
    • BAV-135MBL: (1993)

Specifications[edit]

  • Length: 30.41 ft (9.27 m)
  • Width: 9.19 ft (2.80 m)
  • Height: 8.30 ft (2.53 m)
  • GVW (without missile): 11.57 tons
  • Ground clearance: 580 mm (23 in)
  • Pitch angle: 57°
  • Engine: 2 X ZIL-375YA V-8 6.9 liter gas engines
  • Horsepower: 180 hp (130 kW) X 2
  • Top speed: 40.39 mph (65.00 km/h)
  • Range: 248.55 mi (400.00 km)
  • Fuel consumption: 3 mpg‑US (78.40 l/100 km) - 1 mpg‑US (235.21 l/100 km)