Zhang Hong

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Zhang Hong
Official of Sun Quan
Born 153
Died 212 (aged 59)
Traditional Chinese 張紘
Simplified Chinese 张纮
Pinyin Zhāng Hóng
Wade–Giles Chang Hung
Courtesy name Zigang (traditional Chinese: 子綱; simplified Chinese: 子纲; pinyin: Zǐgāng; Wade–Giles: Tzu-kang)

Zhang Hong (153–212),[1] courtesy name Zigang, was an official serving under the warlord Sun Quan in the late Eastern Han Dynasty.

Originally from Guangling commandery (covering parts of present-day Jiangsu), Zhang Hong and Zhang Zhao were known as the "Two Zhangs" and they were "recruited" together by Sun Jian. He was a close friend of the Sun family, and when Sun Jian was involved in his campaigns, Zhang Hong served him as a privy advisor. In the days of Sun Ce, Zhang Hong was often responsible for writing official memorials and essays to Emperor Xian and Cao Cao. After Sun Ce's death, he was sent to serve Cao Cao, and then was later sent by Cao Cao to monitor Sun Quan's activities. Zhang Hong, however, remained loyal to Sun Quan, and on his deathbed, petitioned Sun Quan to develop the city of Moling (present-day Nanjing, Jiangsu), which ultimately became the capital of Wu.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ de Crespigny, Rafe (2007). A biographical dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23–220 AD). Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-15605-0.  p. 1051