Zinc ion battery

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A zinc ion battery or Zn-ion battery (abbreviated as ZIB) uses zinc ions (Zn2+) as the charge carriers.[1] Specifically, ZIBs utilize Zn as the anode, Zn-intercalating materials as the cathode, and a Zn-containing electrolyte.


In 2011, Feiyu Kang's group showcased for the first time the reversible Zn-ion insertion into the tunnel structure of alpha-type manganese dioxide (MnO2) host used as the cathode in a ZIB.[2][3] Until now, several cathode materials have been explored for ZIB, for example gamma-, delta-type MnO2, and copper hexacyanoferrate.[4][5][6] In 2017, researchers announced another prototype zinc-ion battery that has high reversibility, rate, and capacity without dendrite formation. The device used a zinc metal anode, a vanadium oxide cathode and an aqueous electrolyte, all non-toxic materials. After 1,000 cycles it retained 80% of its capacity. Manufacture does not require ultra-low humidity. More specifically the cathode is made of a vanadium oxide bronze pillared by interlayer Zn2+ ions and water (Zn0.25V2O5⋅nH2O). The zinc ions intercalate at the anode under charge with a capacity up to 300  mAh g−1. The cell achieved an energy density of ∼450  Wh l−1.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "A cheap, long-lasting, sustainable battery for grid energy storage | KurzweilAI". www.kurzweilai.net. 2016-09-16. Retrieved 2017-02-02.
  2. ^ [1], Kang, Feiyu; Chengjun XU & Baohua Li, "Rechargeable zinc ion battery" 
  3. ^ Xu, Chengjun; Li, Baohua; Du, Hongda; Kang, Feiyu (2012-01-23). "Energetic Zinc Ion Chemistry: The Rechargeable Zinc Ion Battery". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 51 (4): 933–935. doi:10.1002/anie.201106307. ISSN 1521-3773. PMID 22170816.
  4. ^ Alfaruqi, Muhammad H.; Mathew, Vinod; Gim, Jihyeon; Kim, Sungjin; Song, Jinju; Baboo, Joseph P.; Choi, Sun H.; Kim, Jaekook (2015-05-26). "Electrochemically Induced Structural Transformation in a γ-MnO2 Cathode of a High Capacity Zinc-Ion Battery System". Chemistry of Materials. 27 (10): 3609–3620. doi:10.1021/cm504717p. ISSN 0897-4756.
  5. ^ Alfaruqi, Muhammad Hilmy; Gim, Jihyeon; Kim, Sungjin; Song, Jinju; Pham, Duong Tung; Jo, Jeonggeun; Xiu, Zhiliang; Mathew, Vinod; Kim, Jaekook (2015). "A layered δ-MnO 2 nanoflake cathode with high zinc-storage capacities for eco-friendly battery applications". Electrochemistry Communications. 60: 121–125. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2015.08.019.
  6. ^ Trócoli, Rafael; La Mantia, Fabio (2015-02-01). "An Aqueous Zinc-Ion Battery Based on Copper Hexacyanoferrate". ChemSusChem. 8 (3): 481–485. doi:10.1002/cssc.201403143. ISSN 1864-564X.
  7. ^ Kundu, Dipan; Adams, Brian D.; Duffort, Victor; Vajargah, Shahrzad Hosseini; Nazar, Linda F. (October 2016). "A high-capacity and long-life aqueous rechargeable zinc battery using a metal oxide intercalation cathode". Nature Energy. 1 (10): 16119. doi:10.1038/nenergy.2016.119.