By some sources, it is the only species of the monotypic genus Zungaro. However, some sources list other species as valid, such as Zungaro jahu. This species may be referred to by one of its synonyms, Brachyplatystoma flavicans. This species contains two subspecies, Z. z. mangurus and Z. z. zungaro.
Distribution and habitat
They are sexually mature upon reaching 10 kg (22 lb) weight. This fish native to the Orinoco and Amazon basins; in the Amazon, this fish is found quite upstream, in the main bed of the big tributaries with muddy bottoms.
This fish reaches 140 cm (55 in) in total length, and specimens measuring 130 cm (51 in) and weighing 50 kg (110 lb) are not rare. These fish are mainly piscivorous, hunt at night, and sometimes go into flood-prone areas of rivers. Some migrations in pursuit of migrating Triportheus and Anodus have been reported. The nursery ground is at the mouths of rivers.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2007). Species of Zungaro in FishBase. May 2007 version.
- Ferraris, Carl J., Jr. (2007). "Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1418: 1–628.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Zungaro zungaro" in FishBase. February 2012 version.
- "Zungaro zungaro". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 26 May 2007.