1707th Air Transport Wing

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1707th Air Transport Wing
Military Air Transport Service - Emblem.png
Active 1951–1966
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Airlift Training
Motto Safety Through Knowledge
Decorations Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Insignia
1707th Air Transport Wing emblem 1707th Air Transport Wing-Emblem.png

The 1707th Air Transport Wing is a discontinued United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to Military Air Transport Service (MATS) at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma. It was discontinued on 8 January 1966, when MATS replaced its Major Command controlled (MAJCON) wings with Air Force controlled (AFCON) wings when MATS was redesignated as Military Airlift Command. The mission, personnel and equipment of the wing were transferred to the 443d Military Airlift Wing, which was simultaneoudly activated.

History[edit]

The wing was organized as the 1707th Air Base Wing in 1951 at Palm Beach Air Force Base, Florida when Military Air Transport Service (MATS) reopened the base.[1] Palm Beach was a joint civil-military facility with Palm Beach International Airport. The wing's 1707th Air Transport Group was its operational unit until the wing was redesignated the 1707th Air Transport Wing. The wing's first main activity was the rehabilitation of buildings to resume military operations.[2]

In addition to operating the active Air Force portion of Palm Beach, the mission of 1707th was training USAF personnel on operation and maintenance of MATS heavy-lift transports. Known as the "University of MATS",[3] training included Douglas C-124 Globemaster II, Douglas C-118 Liftmaster, Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter, and Douglas C-54 Skymaster maintenance training along with aircrew and transition pilot training.[4] The wing later added Boeing C-135 training to its curriculum.[5] Nearly 23,000 airmen were trained at Palm Beach Air Force Base. Until 1959 the wing also trained Grumman SA-16 Albatross crews for MATS' Air Rescue Service,[4] and until 1962, Boeing WB-50D Superfortress crews for MATS' Air Weather Service.[6] The United States Navy also maintained a Transport Training Unit that was attached to the wing until 1963.[7]

The wing moved to Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma in June 1959[8] due to urban encroachment and local opposition to military presence at the airport. It received the first Lockheed C-141 Starlifter aircraft in 1964 and expanded its training mission to include Starlifter operation and maintenance.[9] In addition to the training mission, the 1707th maintained a state of readiness to airlift armed forces personnel and equipment,[5] including medical evacuation[10] in the event of national emergencies.

In 1961 the wing earned trophies from MATS for having the best ground and flying safety programs in MATS.[11] Its safety record also earned it an Air Force Outstanding Unit Award that year.[12] The wing was discontinued on 8 January 1966, and its equipment and personnel were reassigned to the 443d Military Airlift Wing, which was activated the same date.[13]

Lineage[edit]

  • Designated as the 1707th Air Base Wing and organized on 1 September 1951
Redesignated 1707th Air Transport Wing (Training) on 1 May 1954
Redesignated 1707th Air Transport Wing, Heavy (Training) on 20 September 1954
Discontinued on 8 Jan 1966

Assignments[edit]

Components[edit]

Groups[edit]

  • 1707th Air Base Group, 21 September 1951 - c. 30 June 1959[15]
  • 1707th Air Transport Group, 21 September 1951 - 1 September 1953[16]
  • 1707th Maintenance & Supply Group, 24 October 1951 - 1 September 1953[17][18][16]
  • 1707th Medical Group[19] (later 1707th USAF Hospital),[14] 21 September 1951 - c. 30 June 1959

Squadrons[edit]

  • 1707th Maintenance Squadron[20] (later 1707th Field Maintenance Squadron), 1 September 1953 - 1 June 1959[21][22]
  • 1707th Student Squadron[21] (later 1707th Technical Training Squadron), 1 September 1954 - c. 30 June 1957
  • 1707th Supply Squadron, 1 September 1953 - 1 June 1959[21]
  • 1709th Training Squadron (later 1709th Technical Training Squadron),[21] 1 September 1954 - 30 June 1959[23]
  • 1707th Support Squadron, 21 January 1963 - 1 April 1964[22]
  • 1740th Air Transport Squadron (Transition Training Unit), 1 September 1953 - 8 January 1966[21]
  • 1741st Air Transport Squadron (Transition Training Unit), 1 September 1953 - 8 January 1966[21]
  • 1742d Air Transport Squadron (Transition Training Unit), 1 March 1956 - 1 January 1960[24]
  • 2156th Air Rescue Squadron (Transition Training Unit) (later 1707th Training Squadron (Amphibious), 1707th Flying Training Squadron (Amphibious)), 20 July 1952 - c. 31 March 1959[25]
  • 565th Air Force Band, 1954 - 8 February 1958 (not manned after 28 January 1958)[26][27]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

Awards[edit]

Award streamer Award Dates Notes
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award 1 January 1961-31 December 1961 1707th Air Transport Wing[29]


See also[edit]

List of MAJCOM wings of the United States Air Force

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Abstract History Continental Division, MATS Jul-Dec 1951 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  2. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Base Wing Mar-Apr 1952 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  3. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jul-Dec 1960 Retrieved December 25, 2013
  4. ^ a b Abstract, History 1707 Air Base Wing Nov-Dec 1951 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  5. ^ a b See Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jul-Dec 1963 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  6. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jul-Dec 1962
  7. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jan-Jul 1963 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  8. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jul-Dec 1959 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  9. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jul-Dec 1964 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  10. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jan-Jun 165 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  11. ^ Abstract, Histoy 1707 Air Transport Wing Jan-Jun 1962 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  12. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jan-Jun 1961 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  13. ^ Because this was a transition from a Major Command controlled (MAJCON) unit to an Air Force controlled (AFCON) unit, the 443d wing is entitled to the honors (but not the lineage) of the 1707th wing.
  14. ^ a b Abstract, History Western Transport Air Force, Jul-Dec 1958 Retrieved December 23, 2013
  15. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Base Group Nov-Dec 1951 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  16. ^ a b Abstract, History 1707 Air Base Wing Jul-Dec 1953 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  17. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Maintenance & Supply Group Nov-Dec 1951 Retrieved December 23, 2013
  18. ^ See Abstract, History 1707 Maintenance & Supply Group Mar-Apr 1952 Retrieved December 23, 2013
  19. ^ Abstract, History 1707th Medical Group Nov-Dec 1951 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  20. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Maintenance Squadron Jan-Feb 1952 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  21. ^ a b c d e f Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing, Jul-Dec 1955 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  22. ^ a b See Mueller, pp. 545-551
  23. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jan-Jun 1957 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  24. ^ Absract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing, Jan-Jun 1956 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  25. ^ Abstract, History 2156 Air Rescue Squadron (TTU) Apr-Jul 1952 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  26. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jul-Dec 1954 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  27. ^ Abstract, History 1707 Air Transport Wing Jan-Jun 1958 Retrieved December 24, 2013
  28. ^ Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 545–551. ISBN 0-912799-53-6. 
  29. ^ AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits Department of the Air Force, Washington, DC, 15 Jun 1971, p. 501

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Further reading

  • Ulanoff, Stanley M. (1964). MATS: The Story of the Military Air Transport Service. New York, NY: Franklin Watts, Inc. ISBN 978-1-19908-768-3.