2001 Odisha Assembly attack

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2001 Orissa Assembly attack
Location Bhubaneshwar, India
Date 16 December 2001 (UTC+05:30)
Target Orissa Assembly building
Attack type
rioting, arson, assault and damaging government property.
Non-fatal injuries
Many, including Biju Janata Dal legislator Ashok Panigrahi and a few journalists.

The 2001 Odisha Assembly attack was a high-profile attack by Bajrang Dal, Vishwa Hindu Parishad and Durga Vahini.

The attack[edit]

On 16 December 2001, the activists of Bajrang Dal, Vishwa Hindu Parishad and Durga Vahini who had been on a dharna about 300 metres from the Assembly building, surged forth minutes after the House was adjourned for lunch. The activists of these organisations stormed the Odisha Assembly building through the main entrance. Sporting saffron headbands and chanting "Jai Sriram" and "Atal Behari Vajpayee zindabad," the trident-wielding men rushed inside, indulging in vandalism for over 30 minutes. Armed with tridents and lathis, they beat up every individual they came across, including Biju Janata Dal legislator Ashok Panigrahiand two journalists. They broke glass doors and window panes, smashed flowerpots placed along the corridors, ransacked the library and the chambers of Ministers. The security personnel who were posted in and around the high-security complex did not control the mob.[1]


The day after the unprecedented attack on the Assembly the State government suspended 20 police personnel for dereliction of duty. Sixty-seven people, including Bipin Bihari Rath, Pratap Sarangi, who was the then State unit president of the Bajrang Dal, and nine women were arrested on charges of rioting, arson, assault and damaging government property. The attack on the Assembly has further weakened the BJD-BJP coalition arrangement in Odisha which finally ended in 2009.[1][2]

Political Reactions[edit]

The Congress and Communists demanded banning of Bajrang Dal and Vishwa Hindu Parishad. From the Sangh Parivar whose frontal organisations are alleged to be involved in the incident, Balbir K Punj, BJP MP, wrote on the website of the Hindu Vivek Kendra,a self-claimed resource center for the promotion of Hindutva, that vandalism, even though condemnable, could not be equated with terrorism. He asserted that 16 December attack on Odisha Assembly should not be equated with the 13 December attack as asserted by the Congress and the Marxists. He cited two similar incidents of Odisha Assembly attacks in the past – one by agitating students with Leftist leaning forcing into the State Assembly in 1964 when Biren Mitra headed a Congress Government in the state and another in 1978 when during the Chief Ministership of Nilamani Routray of Janata Party the Congress activists stormed the assembly prompted by the arrest of Indira Gandhi.[3]


  1. ^ a b ""Vandalism in Orissa"". Frontline. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  2. ^ ""BJD-BJP alliance splits in Orissa"". Rediff. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Balbir K Punj. ""Look, who's talking!"". Hindu Vivek Kendra,a self-claimed resource center for the promotion of Hindutva. Retrieved 13 February 2013.