Ağrı

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For the place in Azerbaijan, see Ağrı, Azerbaijan; for Mount Ağrı (Ağrı Dağı), see Mount Ararat.
Ağrı
Municipality
Ağrı is located in Turkey
Ağrı
Ağrı
Coordinates: 39°43′07″N 43°03′03″E / 39.71861°N 43.05083°E / 39.71861; 43.05083Coordinates: 39°43′07″N 43°03′03″E / 39.71861°N 43.05083°E / 39.71861; 43.05083
Country Turkey
Province Ağrı
Government
 • Mayor Sırrı Sakık (BDP)
Area[1]
 • District 1,497.27 km2 (578.10 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 107,839
 • District 145,359
 • District density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Website www.agri.bel.tr/

Ağrı, known as Karaköse (Kurdish: Qerekose)[3] prior to 1946 and founded as Karakilise (Ottoman: قره‌کلیسا) around 1860, is the capital of Ağrı Province at the eastern end of Turkey, near the border with Iran.

History[edit]

In the Ottoman Empire era the area was called Şorbulak. The current town centre was founded around 1860 by a group of Armenian merchants from Bitlis with the name Karakilise ("the black church") that became known to the local population as Karakise and this version was turned officially to Karaköse at the beginning of the Republican era. This name was changed to Ağrı by 1946.[4]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Ağrı contains most of the industry in Ağrı Province where the main economic activity is Agriculture and Animal Husbandry. There is Ağrı Meat and Milk Facory and the ELDESAN leather factory is one of the biggest in the region. There is also a Sugar Factory, Shoe Factory Flour Mills, Agricultural Equipment manufacturing sites, brick factory, lime factory, furniture factory, dairy factory and textile mills.[5]

North of Ağrı, there is a longwave broadcasting station with 2 250 metres tall guyed masts, broadcasting on 162 kHz with 1000 kW.

Climate[edit]

Ağrı has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb), and warm dry-summer continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsb), depending on the location in the region, with a wide range of temperature between the summer and winter, due to its high elevation . Summers are generally brief but warm with cool nights. The average high temperature in August is roughly 30 °C (86 °F). Winters are very cold. The average low January temperature is −16 °C (3 °F). However, temperatures usually plummet to −40 °C (−40.0 °F) during the winter months. It snows a lot in winter, staying for an average of four months in the city. The highest recorded temperature was 39.9 °C (103.8 °F) on 10 August 1961. The lowest recorded temperature in Ağrı was −45.6 °C (−50.1 °F) on 20 January 1972.

Climate data for Ağrı (1960-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
10.2
(50.4)
21.5
(70.7)
27.2
(81)
32.7
(90.9)
39.8
(103.6)
39.8
(103.6)
39.9
(103.8)
35.0
(95)
28.9
(84)
19.8
(67.6)
16.0
(60.8)
39.9
(103.8)
Average high °C (°F) −5.4
(22.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
2.1
(35.8)
11.7
(53.1)
18.5
(65.3)
24.1
(75.4)
29.2
(84.6)
29.9
(85.8)
25.3
(77.5)
17.3
(63.1)
7.8
(46)
−1.6
(29.1)
12.94
(55.29)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.6
(12.9)
−9.2
(15.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
6.3
(43.3)
11.9
(53.4)
16.1
(61)
20.7
(69.3)
20.9
(69.6)
16.1
(61)
9.6
(49.3)
2.1
(35.8)
−6.2
(20.8)
6.23
(43.22)
Average low °C (°F) −15.8
(3.6)
−14.7
(5.5)
−7.8
(18)
0.9
(33.6)
5.2
(41.4)
8.1
(46.6)
12.2
(54)
11.8
(53.2)
6.9
(44.4)
1.9
(35.4)
−3.7
(25.3)
−10.7
(12.7)
−0.47
(31.14)
Record low °C (°F) −45.6
(−50.1)
−42.8
(−45)
−39.6
(−39.3)
−17.2
(1)
−4.3
(24.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
1.7
(35.1)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−11.4
(11.5)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−39.8
(−39.6)
−45.6
(−50.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 36.2
(1.425)
48.1
(1.894)
48.8
(1.921)
74.2
(2.921)
72.0
(2.835)
46.7
(1.839)
20.1
(0.791)
12.3
(0.484)
16.5
(0.65)
52.9
(2.083)
46.1
(1.815)
42.7
(1.681)
516.6
(20.339)
Avg. precipitation days 11.1 11.4 12.1 15.3 16.3 10.5 6.0 4.2 4.6 9.0 8.7 11.2 120.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.9 75.6 127.1 171 241.8 303 325.5 313.1 273 201.5 120 55.8 2,266.3
Source #1: http://meteor.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=AGRI [1]
Source #2: [2]

Ağrı Dağı (Mount Ararat) is 90 km to the south, near to the town of Doğubeyazıt, which has a combination of continental subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfc) and tundra climate (Köppen climate classification: ET) with a year-round ice cap, which has receded a significant amount in the last 20 years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ ‘Azadiya Demirbaş ji bo aştiyê girîng e', Yeni Özgür Politika, May 06, 2010. (Kurdish)
  4. ^ Index Anatolicus
  5. ^ Ağrı sosyal yaşam

External links[edit]