Abbeville, Mississippi

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Abbeville, Mississippi
Town
General store in Abbeville
General store in Abbeville
Location of Abbeville, Mississippi
Location of Abbeville, Mississippi
Coordinates: 34°30′16″N 89°30′3″W / 34.50444°N 89.50083°W / 34.50444; -89.50083
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Lafayette
Area
 • Total 3.5 sq mi (9.0 km2)
 • Land 3.5 sq mi (9.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 371 ft (113 m)
Population (2009)
 • Total 311
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 38601
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-00100
GNIS feature ID 0691642

Abbeville is a town in Lafayette County, Mississippi. The population was 419 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Abbeville was originally settled by pioneers from Abbeville, South Carolina in the 1830s. They lived in apparent peace with the local Chickasaw Indians, whose Chief Toby Tubby owned and operated a ferry along the Memphis-Oxford trade route.

During the American Civil War, Abbeville was almost completely destroyed in the Vicksburg Campaign.

Abbeville post office was established September 28, 1843, with John B. Davis as first postmaster.[1]

In 1950 Abbeville had a population of 275.[2]

Geography[edit]

Abbeville is located at 34°30′16″N 89°30′3″W / 34.50444°N 89.50083°W / 34.50444; -89.50083 (34.504525, -89.500713).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2), all land.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 419 people and 166 occupided housing units in the town. The racial and ethnic makeup of the town was 89.7% non-Hispanic White, 8.8% African American, 1.0% reporting from two or more races with 0.5% of the population Hispanic or Latino.[5]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 448
1990 399 −10.9%
2000 423 6.0%
2010 419 −0.9%

Education[edit]

The Town of Abbeville is served by the Lafayette County School District.

The University of Mississippi also owns and operates the University of Mississippi Field Station, which is located in Abbeville. It is a natural laboratory used to study, research and teach about sustainable freshwater ecosystems.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Abbeville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gallagher, John S. and Patera, Alan H. (1996) Mississippi Post Offices, p. 91. Lake Grove, Oregon: The Depot, ISBN 0-943645-35-2
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Atlas, 1959 Edition, p. 298.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ 2010 census report of Abbeville
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Abbeville, Mississippi

Coordinates: 34°30′16″N 89°30′03″W / 34.504525°N 89.500713°W / 34.504525; -89.500713