|Avraham "Abie" Nathan|
Abie Nathan (1961)
|Born||29 April 1927
|Died||27 August 2008
Tel Aviv, Israel
|Occupation||humanitarian and peace activist|
|Known for||Founder of the Voice of Peace radio station|
Abie Nathan was born in Abadan, Persia, on 29 April 1927 and spent his adolescent years in Bombay (now Mumbai), India. He became a pilot in the Royal Air Force in 1944. In 1948 he volunteered as a pilot in the Machal (volunteers in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War) and stayed in Israel thereafter. He worked for El Al airlines and later opened a restaurant in Tel Aviv.
Flight for Peace
Nathan led a party called Nes (Miracle) in the 1965 Knesset elections, but failed to cross the electoral threshold. After the results were published, he declared that he would fly to Egypt in his plane, which he named Shalom 1 ("Peace 1"), carrying a message of peace. He landed in Port Said on 28 February 1966, where he was arrested. He asked to meet Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser to deliver a petition calling for peace between Israel and Egypt. He was refused and deported back to Israel, where he was arrested again for leaving the country by an illegal route.
Meetings with PLO
In 1978, Nathan began his first hunger strike to protest against the construction of Israeli settlements. In the early 1980s, he began meeting officials from the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). These meetings were later outlawed by the Knesset. In 1991, Nathan went on another hunger strike for 40 days to protest against that law, which prevented meetings with terrorist organizations. He stopped his hunger strike after President Chaim Herzog intervened. Nathan continued to meet with PLO head Yasser Arafat, however, and on 18 September 1991 he was sentenced to 18 months in prison. Herzog cut 12 months from the sentence, and Nathan was released after serving less than 6 months.
Voice of Peace and humanitarian activities
In 1973, Nathan founded the Voice of Peace radio station. He bought a ship with the help of John Lennon, named it the "Peace Ship", and sailed it outside Israeli territorial waters. The station broadcast 24 hours a day, mostly English-language programs that mainly included popular music, while promoting Nathan's political activities. At the same time, he was involved[how?] with disaster relief in Cambodia, Bangladesh, Biafra, Colombia, and Ethiopia. In another anti-war protest, he presided over the burial of smashed military toys.
On 1 October 1993, economic and legal difficulties forced Nathan to close the Voice of Peace station. One of the reasons for closing was that, with the signing of the Oslo Peace Accords, Nathan felt that his message for peace and dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians had been spread. The Peace Ship was scuttled on 28 November 1993.
Sickness, death and tributes
In 1997, Nathan suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed. He died in Tel Aviv on 27 August 2008 at age 81. In 2005 he was voted the 44th-greatest Israeli of all time in a poll by the Israeli news website Ynet to determine whom the general public considered the 200 greatest Israelis. On 10 June 2007 the Tel Aviv-Yafo municipality passed a resolution to post a commemorative plaque on the Tel-Aviv boardwalk at Gordon Beach, opposite where the Peace Ship had been anchored. This memorial plays recordings of the Voice Of Peace, including the station callsign in Nathan's voice and an explanation in both Hebrew and English.
- "Abie Nathan". abie-nathan.com. Noam Tal. July 2005. Archived from the original on 27 April 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2007.
- "Israeli 'Peace Pilot' Again Tries to See Nasser; Abie Nathan Is Sent Home After Landing at Port Said --Arrested on Return". The New York Times. 1967-07-29. p. 6. Retrieved 29 April 2007.
- "Israeli Peace Advocate Ends Hunger Strike". The New York Times. 7 June 1991. Retrieved 1 May 2007.
- "Israel Frees Abie Nathan". The New York Times. 31 March 1992. Retrieved 29 April 2007.
- "Abie Nathan's Jail Term Cut Sharply by Israeli President". The New York Times. 30 March 1992. Retrieved 29 April 2007.
- Israeli peace pioneer Abie Nathan dies aged 81 Haaretz, 28 August 2008
- "Racing to Save the Hungry". Time. 12 November 1979. Retrieved 30 April 2007.
- May, Clifford D (18 December 1984). "Israel Arrives in Ethiopia on Relief Mission". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 May 2007.
- "Abie Nathan Mounts 'Protest for Peace'". The New York Times. 13 August 1977. Retrieved 1 May 2007.
- Kaplan Sommer, Allison (1 October 1993). "Abie Nathan pulls up anchor". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 30 April 2007.
- "Nathan to sink peace ship today". The Jerusalem Post. 28 November 1993. Retrieved 30 April 2007.
- Kershner, Isabel. "Abie Nathan, Israeli Peace Champion, Dies at 81" New York Times. Accessed 29 August 2008.
- גיא בניוביץ' (20 June 1995). "הישראלי מספר 1: יצחק רבין – תרבות ובידור". Ynet. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- Abie Nathan website
- Who's Abie Nathan? Soundscapes
- Peres: Woe to us had Nathan listened to consensus, Cyprus Observer
- "Lonely Rider" by Uri Avnery