Abyan Governorate

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"Abyan" redirects here. For the village in Iran, see Abyan, Iran.
Abyan
أبين
Governorate
Abyan in Yemen.svg
Country Yemen
Seat Zinjibar
Area
 • Total 21,489 km2 (8,297 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 528,000
 • Density 25/km2 (64/sq mi)

Abyan (Arabic: أبينAbyan) is a governorate of Yemen. The Abyan region was historically part of the Fadhli Sultanate.[2] It was a base to the Aden-Abyan Islamic Army militant group.[2] Its capital is the city of Zinjibar. This governorate is noted for its agriculture, in particular the cultivation of date palms and animal husbandry.

On 31 March 2011, Al Bawaba reported that Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) had declared Abyan an "Islamic Emirate" after seizing control of the region.[3] The New York Times reported that those in control, while Islamic militants, are not in fact Al-Qaeda.[4] This takeover was confirmed on May 28.[5] Yemeni government forces launched an effort to re-establish control of the region, resulting in the Battle of Zinjibar.

In addition to Zinjibar, the towns of Jaʿār and Shuqrah were firmly under the control of the Islamists.[6] In early May 2012 the Yemeni Army began a major offensive to wrestle control of the province from militants. Government forces captured Zinjibar and Jaar on 12 June after a month of heavy fighting. Militants reportedly retreated towards the town of Shuqrah.[7]

Districts[edit]

Settlements[edit]

Abu `amir  • Ad dirjaj • Ad diyyu • Ahl fashshash • Ahl fulays • Ahmad ash shaykh • Al `alam • Al bahitah • Al habil • Al hamam • Al hisn • Al jawl • Al kawd • Al kawr • Al khamilah • Al khawr • Al ma`ar • Al ma`jalah • Al mahal • Al mahlaj • Al makhzan al fawqi • Al makhzan al qa`i • Al masani` • Al qarn • Al qashabah • Al qurna`ah • An nashsh • Ar rawdah • Ar rawwa • As samn • As sarriyah • As suda' • Ash sha`bah • Ash sharaf • Ash sharqiyah • At tariyah • Ath thalib • `Ali hadi • `Amudiyah • `Arabah • `Arqub umm kubayr • `Aryab • `Aslan • `Awrumah • Ba tays • Ba zulayfah • Barkan • Bathan • Bayt samnah • Far`an • Faris • Ja`ar • Jahrah • Jawf umm maqbabah • Jiblat al faraj • Jiblat al waznah • Jiblat badr • Jirshab • Kabaran • Kadamat al faysh • Kawd al `abadil • Kawkab • Kawrat halimah • Khabt al aslum • Khanfar • Khuban • Kuwashi • Lawdar • Maghadih • Makrarah • Mansab • Maqasir • Maqdah • Marta`ah • Masadi`ah • Mishal • Mudiyah • Mukayras • Munab • Musaymir • Na`ab • Na`b • Namir • Naq`al • Qarn al wadi` • Qaryat ahl hidran • Qaryat husayn umm muhammad • Sakin ahl hidran • Sakin ahl mahathith • Sakin ahl sadah • Sakin ahl wuhaysh • Sakin hazm • Sakin wu`ays • Sayhan • Shams ad din • Shaykh `abdallah • Shaykh salim • Shubram • Shuqrah • Shurjan • Subaybah • Thirah • Wadibah • Zinjibar • ZughaynahabyanCheetah a(comics) • abyan

References[edit]

Coordinates: 13°20′N 45°23′E / 13.333°N 45.383°E / 13.333; 45.383