The bark, wood and roots of Acokanthera schimperi are used as an important ingredient of arrow poison in Africa. All plant parts contain acovenoside A and ouabaïne, which are cardiotonic glycosides. Its fruit is edible, and is eaten as a famine food. When ripe they are sweet but also slightly bitter. Unripe fruits have caused accidental poisoning as they are highly toxic.
It is also used in traditional African medicine.
Acokanthera schimperi occurs in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and DR Congo. It is the only species that also occurs outside Africa, in southern Yemen.
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
- Schmelzer, G.H. & Gurib-Fakim, A. (Editors), 2008. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 11(1). Medicinal plants 1. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen, Netherlands / Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands / CTA, Wageningen, Netherlands. 791 pp.
- African crested rat uses poison trick to foil predators
- African Plant Database
- Acokanthera schimperi information from NPGS/GRIN
- Acokanthera schimperi information from PROTA4U
- BBC News: African crested rat uses poison trick to foil predators
|This Apocynaceae article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Medicinal plants-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|