Let be a vector bundle with a typical fiber a vector space . An affine bundle modelled on a vector bundle is a fiber bundle whose typical fiber is an affine space modelled on so that the following conditions hold:
(i) All the fiber of are affine spaces modelled over the corresponding fibers of a vector bundle .
(ii) There is an affine bundle atlas of whose local trivializations morphisms and transition functions are affine isomorphisms.
Dealing with affine bundles, one uses only affine bundle coordinates possessing affine transition functions
There are the bundle morphisms
where are linear bundle coordinates on a vector bundle , possessing linear transition functions .
An affine bundle has a global section, but in contrast with vector bundles, there is no canonical global section of an affine bundle. Let be an affine bundle modelled on a vector bundle . Every global section of an affine bundle yields the bundle morphisms
In particular, every vector bundle has a natural structure of an affine bundle due to these morphisms where is the canonical zero-valued section of . For instance, the tangent bundle of a manifold naturally is an affine bundle.
An affine bundle is a fiber bundle with a general affine structure group of affine transformations of its typical fiber of dimension . This structure group always is reducible to a general linear group , i.e., an affine bundle admits an atlas with linear transition functions.
By a morphism of affine bundles is meant a bundle morphism whose restriction to each fiber of is an affine map. Every affine bundle morphism of an affine bundle modelled on a vector bundle to an affine bundle modelled on a vector bundle yields a unique linear bundle morphism
called the linear derivative of .
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