Aintoura

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Antoura
عينطورة
Antoura is located in Lebanon
Antoura
Antoura
Location in Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°57′0″N 35°38′0″E / 33.95000°N 35.63333°E / 33.95000; 35.63333Coordinates: 33°57′0″N 35°38′0″E / 33.95000°N 35.63333°E / 33.95000; 35.63333
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Mount Lebanon Governorate
District Keserwan District
Elevation 820 ft (250 m)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)

Antoura (Arabic: عينطورة‎), a town in the Mount Lebanon Governorate, is a land of hospitality in times of war like in time of peace, welcoming friends and foes alike, refugees and even aggressors, without distinction. Asylum and safe house was always granted to the door knocker. Throughout history, the fervent faith of Antoura in mankind, its capacity to love, embrace and share, its endeavor to build and to form the future generations, have made it a shining light in the Middle East.

Geography[edit]

The Village of Antoura is located 21km north of Beirut (Capital of Lebanon) in the heart of Mount Lebanon. From an elevation of 250m, it overlooks green, pine covered valleys on one side, and the Mediterranean Sea on the other. Antoura spreads over 760.000 square meters, is home to 3200 inhabitants and enjoys a very mild climate.

Historical Background[edit]

Antoura, which means "water source of the mountain" in Syriac, is a very old village inhabited, as tools found in two of its historic grottos witness, since the Stone Age. More recent history shows that Antoura has been inhabited between 1307 and 1515, and since 1657 when people started living there on a continuous basis.

Main Religious Centers of Attraction: The Convent of the Visitation: Founded in 1746, it was a convent for nuns, which was instituted in 1862, and was the first school for girls in the whole region. May Ziade, a notorious scholar, has graduated from this school. The Cemetery of Armenian Orphans: This cemetery, hosted within the walls of Saint- Joseph College in Antoura, is the resting home for more than three hundred Armenian children that had died from typhus during World WarI, after having been lodged in the College. At the time, Lebanon was an integral part of the Ottoman Empire, and Saint Joseph College had been morphed into an orphanage, its church into a first aid center and its tower into a minaret. Also, the Turks had proceeded to changing the names of those orphans into Arabic names, while making them follow Islam.[citation needed]

Main Educational Institutions[edit]

The village of Antoura is known for having the first school of the Middle East. Saint- Joseph College of Antoura was the first school of the Middle East, founded in 1653. For uncountable years, it has hosted sons of legions of notables from all over the region: Iran, Egypt, Cyprus, Syria and Turkey. Christians, Muslims, and Jews, sons of political foes, all grew side by side, became friends, shared the same values, thanks to an education that gave proper respect to ethical and moral values, while respecting each other's differences. the teachings have had a lasting effect on the political developments in the region. Several public figures had studied in Saint Joseph College of Antoura, namely, three former Lebanese Presidents, Suleiman Frangieh, Rene Mouawad, and Elias Sarkis, May Ziade, Kamal Jumblatt, Ghassan Tueni, Maurice Gemayel, and many others... Antoura, as a village, has, therefore, a proper higher learning institution, not a simple village school. this institution has been rearing, every year, around 3800 students from several neighboring areas.

The Lebanese Canadian University LCU, founded in 2000, has been graduating around 1500 students every year with degrees in Business, Sciences, Arts and Humanities in partnership with internationally renowned universities such as l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV, Grenoble Ecole de Management, IPAC France& Switzerland, Université du Quebec in Montreal and Université de Sherbrooke in Canada.

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