ʾĀkhirah (Arabic: الآخرة) is an Islamic term referring to the afterlife. It is repeatedly referenced in chapters of the Qur'an concerning Yaum al Qiyamah, the Islamic Day of Judgment, an important part of Islamic eschatology. Traditionally, it is considered to be one of the six main beliefs of Muslims, the others including: belief in One God, belief in God's angels, belief in the Revealed Books (The Suhuf of Ibrahim, Torah, Psalms, Gospel and Qur'an), belief in the Prophets of God, and belief in Predestination/Decree.
Much like many other monotheistic religions, Muslims have the similar belief of the three-tiered cosmos. This is the belief that there are three cosmos, being heaven and hell, with Earth or humanity in between. According to the Islamic beliefs, Allah will play the role of the qadi, weighing the deeds of each individual. It is believed that these good deeds can be increased by reciting the holy Quran and Allah's name as Subḥān allāh which means "glory is to God". He will decide whether that person's akhirah lies in Jahannam (hell) or Jannah (heaven) on the basis of the weight of either good or bad deeds in comparison with one another. The judgment doesn't depend upon the amount of deeds as much as it does on the will behind the deed, deeds are judged on the basis of the will behind it. Heaven and Hell both have various levels.
There will be no judgment for those who have sacrificed their lives for Islam. Jannah or Heaven and Jahannam or Hell both have various levels. The placement of a person may depend upon the extent of his or her good deeds. It is also said that God may forgive a sin against himself but not against another human. No religion except Islam shall be accepted. The Bible, Gospels, Psalms and some other previous religious texts are said to be from God in Islam, but they are believed to have been edited to a great extent over time by people according to their own will. God has promised to keep the Quran safe from any such changes.
- World Faiths, teach yourself - Islam by Ruqaiyyah Maqsood. ISBN 0-340-60901-X pp. 38–39
- Maqsood pp. 38–39
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