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Al Hamidiyah (or al-Hamidiyya) (Arabic: الحميدية) is a town on the coastal Syrian line about 3 km from the Lebanese border. The town was founded in a very short time on direct orders from the Ottoman Sultan ‘Abdu’l-Hamid II c. 1897, to serve as refuge for the Muslim Cretans, often referred to as Cretan Turks but actually Greek Muslims of Ottoman Greek convert origin. They had been forced to leave Crete when the island was captured by the Kingdom of Greece from the Ottoman Empire during the 1897-98 Greco-Turkish War, and resettled by Sultan 'Abdu'l-Hamid II here and other coastal areas of the Levant and even Libya. The town is home to about 8.000 people, with the majority still speaking Cretan Greek in their daily lives. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, al-Hamidiyah had a population of 7,404 in the 2004 census.
- ^ General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Tartus Governorate. (Arabic)