Alejandro Lerroux

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Alejandro Lerroux
Alejandro Lerroux sentado.jpg
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
September 12, 1933 – October 9, 1933
President Niceto Alcalá Zamora
Preceded by Manuel Azaña
Succeeded by Diego Martínez Barrio
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
December 16, 1933 – April 28, 1934
President Niceto Alcalá Zamora
Preceded by Diego Martínez Barrio
Succeeded by Ricardo Samper
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
October 4, 1934 – September 25, 1935
President Niceto Alcalá-Zamora
Preceded by Ricardo Samper
Succeeded by Joaquín Chapaprieta
Personal details
Born Alejandro Lerroux García
(1864-03-04)March 4, 1864
La Rambla, Córdoba, Spain
Died June 26, 1949(1949-06-26) (aged 85)
Madrid, Spain
Nationality Spanish
Political party Radical Republican Party
Spouse(s) Teresa López
Children Aurelio Lerroux (adoptive)
Occupation Lawyer

Alejandro Lerroux y García (La Rambla, Córdoba, 4 March 1864/1866 – Madrid, 25 June 1949) was a Spanish politician who was the leader of the Radical Republican Party during the Second Spanish Republic.[1] He served as Prime Minister of Spain three times from 1933 to 1935 and held several cabinet posts as well.[2]

The word Lerrouxism (Spanish: Lerrouxismo, Catalan: Lerrouxisme) was coined after this politician's name. It used to define a kind of virulent, and often demagogic anti-Catalan trend among Spanish politicians that began with Alejandro Lerroux and his Radical Republican Party. The term was widely used in Spanish politics, especially in the first half of the 20th century.[3]

Biography[edit]

Lerroux agitated as a young man in the ranks of the radical republicans, as a follower of Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla. He practised a demagogic and aggressive journalistic style in the diverse publications that he directed (El País, El Progreso, El Intransigente and El Radical).

His populist and anticlerical speeches, as well as his intervention in diverse campaigns against the governments of the Restoration, made him very popular among workers in Barcelona, who later constituted the base of a loyal electorate. He was chosen as a deputy for the first time in 1901, and again in 1903 and 1905, as a member of the Republican Union party that he had helped to form with Nicolás Salmerón. The defection of Salmerón to the Catalan Solidarity coalition in 1906 led Lerroux to form the Radical Republican Party (1908) and headed the struggle against increasing Catalan nationalism. He had to go into exile on several occasions, first to escape condemnation dictated by one of his articles (1907) and later fleeing from governmental repression in response to the Tragic Week in Barcelona (1909).

After returning to Spain, Lerroux agreed to join the Socialist-Republican Conjunction, and he was elected as a deputy again in 1910. Afterwards he was involved in a series of scandals that moved him away from his Barcelona electorate, with corruption accusations forcing him into a change of district, appearing for Córdoba in 1914). Under the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923–30), his party was debilitated when its left wing, led by Marcelino Domingo, left to form the Radical Socialist Republican Party in 1929. However, he continued to be active in politics, attending the revolutionary committee that produced the Pact of San Sebastián with the intention of overthrowing King Alfonso XIII and proclaiming a republic.

In the Second Republic[edit]

Under the republican regime Lerroux regained a leading political role, being appointed prime minister three times between and occupying the distinguished ministerial portfolios.

He was part of the coalition of leftists that supported the reforms of Manuel Azaña's government during the first biennium (1931–1933), during which time he served as minister of State (1931) and as Minister of Foreign Affairs between 14 April 1931 and 16 December 1931. From 12 September to 9 October 1933 he was Prime Minister.

After the victory of the Spanish Confederation of the Autonomous Right (CEDA) in the elections of autumn 1933, Lerroux again became prime minister, mainly because the President did not wish to appoint CEDA leader José María Gil-Robles. As such he served from 16 December 1933 to 28 April 1934 and again from 4 October 1934 to 25 September 1935. He also served as minister of war (1934), state (1935) and Foreign Affairs (1935).

After distinguishing himself in the repression of the attempted workers revolution of 1934, he was discredited by the Straperlo affaire (a case of corruption bound to casino authorization), that completely broke his alliance with the right and even weakened his position within the party.

In the elections of 1936 Lerroux was not even elected as a deputy, and when that same year the Spanish Civil War broke out, he preferred to place himself out of danger in Portugal. He returned to Spain in 1947.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cowans, Jon (2003). Modern Spain: a documentary history. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 103. ISBN 0-8122-3717-X. 
  2. ^ Geneall, Alejandro Lerroux y García
  3. ^ Definició de lerrouxisme
  4. ^ Langdon-Davies, John (1936). Behind the Spanish Barricades: Reports from the Spanish Civil War. Reportage Press. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Manuel Azaña
Prime Minister of Spain
1933 and 1934-1935
Succeeded by
Diego Martínez Barrio