Aleks Çaçi

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From an early sketch of Albanian writer Lasgush Poradeci[1]

Aleks Çaçi (born 15 August 1916 in the village of Palasë in Himara died in 23 February 1989 in Tirana) was an Albanian author of the socialist realism time.[2]

Early life[edit]

The year of his birth is source of controversy, and as for his family origins, it is believed that his forefathers as most families that live in Palasë were originally from the city of Kruja which moved to the south in an attempt to move to Italy after the death of the legendary Albanian Hero Scanderbeg.

Aleks Çaçi came from a poor family and as result he started to work at a very early stage of his life. While working the land he also found himself employed in the printing offices of the time. Aleks Çaçi finished the Trade School of Vlora and the Institute of High Trade (business would be the equivalent of today) in Greece. After the liberation of Albania from fascism he completed the school of the regime "Vladimir Ilic Lenin". He was among the early and young authors of the realist literature, or socialist realist as it was later dubbed of the 30s, as well as a member of the Communist Group of Korça.

Literary career[edit]

Aleks Çaçi(left) and Ilya Ehrenburg in Sofia, Bulgaria 1945

As a result of his revolutionary activities as well as his writings, in 1936 he was isolated in the city of Berat for two years by King Zogu's regime. Çaçi was an active member of the war for independence from foreign oppression. Since the early days of the organization he worked in the editing group of "Kushtrimi i Lirise"(Battle cry of Freedom) where he published many articles, poems and prozes. Aleks Çaçi was also in charge of another newspaper, "Trumpeta Clirimtare" (The Freedom Trumpet) that used to be published in wartime in the Kurvelesh region in south Albania.[3]

After the war he worked in many newspapers and literary magazines. He spent many years in China as writer and publicist during the time when Albania had close relationships with Maoist China. For work and creative merits Çaçi was awarded by the Congress of that time with the order of "Flamuri i Kuq i Punes"(Red flag of Work) of the First Order. He published many books and worked in "Lidhia e Shkrimtareve" (The league of writers) until his death in 1989. Towards the 1980s he retired in a smart fashion from the political life in Albania which was eating countless intellectual heads for the pleasures of Enver Hoxha. This was a time of instability with the political assassinations and/or suicides and mass arrests of intellectual figures that plagued the country in the 1980s. During the last 15 years of his life he detached himself from the political arena as the corruption became rampant and the ideals of communism crumbled under the weight of ruthless dictatorship.

With his friends he translated many books from Ancient Greek, Modern Greek and Italian into Albanian. He is widely known in Greece and Italy and his figure is an example of an Albanian intellectual and patriot that is revered in all that area which few people have managed to do. A Collected Works series was published by the Naim Frashëri publishing house two years before his death, featuring three volumes containing poems, prozes and short plays of his diverse literary career.

Notable Works[edit]

  • 1943: Margarita Tutulani - A Play
  • 1947: Ashtu myzeqe
  • 1948: Me ty Stalin
  • 1973: Poezia Shqipe
  • Këngët e dheut
  • Bisedë me diellin
  • Ëndrrat e mia
  • Aroma e bukës
  • Na hoqën çatinë
  • Shtëpia përballë diellit

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muzeu Historik Kombëtar - Lasgushi dhe ëngjëjt e pikturës, Tiranë, 2003
  2. ^ Mann, Stuart E. (1955). Albanian Literature: an outline of prose, poetry, and drama. 
  3. ^ Kostallari, Androkli - Aleks Çaçi, Vepra Letrare, Vol 1, Shtëpia Botuese Naim Frashëri, Viti 1987

See also[edit]