|Official name: Concelho de Aljezur|
|Name origin: Portuguese for|
|Motto: Nobre e Honrada|
|Area||323.5 km2 (125 sq mi)|
|President||José Manuel Velhinho Amarelinho (PS)|
|- summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|Municipal holidays||29 August|
|Wikimedia Commons: Aljezur|
|Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística|
|Geographic detail from CAOP (2010) produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)|
Aljezur (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐɫʒɨˈzuɾ]) is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 323.5 square kilometres (124.9 sq mi) and a total population of 5,322 inhabitants. The municipality comprises 4 parishes, and is located within the district of Faro. The word is derived from the Arabic word "Aljuzur" (الجزر), the plural of island.
Aljezur is a land that has remote origins, and marked by various archeological remnants. Its territory has been inhabited since prehistory.
Politically, Aljezur was founded in the 10th century by North African Arabs who remained in the region for the following five centuries, until the Christian conquest. They were responsible for many of the structures in the region, such as the main castle, but also for the many names that dotted the region's toponymy, as well as the legends and myths that developed by its peoples.
In the 13th century, during the reign of Afonso III, Aljezur was taken from these Moors by Paio Peres Correia. Aljezur obtained a foral (charter) from 12 November 1280, issued by King Denis of Portugal.
In 1725 Aljezur was gravely damaged by an earthquake. Bishop Francisco Gomes de Avelar ordered the construction of the Church of Nossa Senhora D'Alva in the edge of the town, forming a new population center. Its name slowly adapted the name Igreja Nova (New Church).
There is regular bus services running south to Lagos and north to Lisbon.
Aljezur is home to both primary and secondary state schools and has an International Secondary School Aljezur International School located in the town parish.
- INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 January 2012
- IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 January 2012
- Detail Regional Map, Algarve: Southern Portugal, ISBN 3-8297-6235-6
- Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 10" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 16 July 2014.
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