All Tomorrow's Parties (novel)
|All Tomorrow's Parties|
Cover of the British edition.
|Publication date||October 7, 1999|
|Media type||Print (hardback and paperback)|
All Tomorrow's Parties is the final novel in William Gibson's Bridge trilogy. Like its predecessors, All Tomorrow's Parties is a speculative fiction novel set in a postmodern, dystopian, postcyberpunk future. The novel borrows its title from a song by Velvet Underground. It is written in the third person and deals with Gibsonian themes of emergent technology.
Plot summary 
The book has three separate but overlapping stories, with the repeated appearance of shared characters. The San Francisco/Oakland Bay Bridge, the overarching setting of the trilogy, functions as a shared location of their convergence and resolution.
The first story features former rent-a-cop Berry Rydell, the protagonist of Virtual Light. Rydell quits a temporary job as a security guard at the Lucky Dragon convenience store to run errands for atrophied computer hacker Colin Laney (the protagonist of Idoru), who lives in a cardboard box in a subway in Shinjuku, Tokyo. As a child, Laney was the subject of pharmaceutical trials which damaged his nervous system. As a result, he suffers from a form of attention deficit disorder but gains the ability to discern nodal points in the undifferentiated flow of information, and from that he acquires a certain predictive faculty. This makes him ideal for the role of "netrunner" or data analyst. A side effect of 5-SB, the drug administered to Laney, causes the user to become attached to strong personalities. As a result, Laney has become obsessed with media baron Cody Harwood of Harwood/Levine, a powerful public relations firm. He spends his life surfing the net from his enclave in the subway, searching for traces of Harwood in the media. From this, Laney foresees a crucial historical shift which may precede the end of the world "as we know it". He predicts that Harwood, who had also taken 5-SB before (albeit voluntarily, with the knowledge of the consequences), knows this and will try to shape this historical shift to his liking. To stop Harwood, Laney hires Rydell under the guise of a courier to travel to San Francisco where he believes the next nodal point will congeal.
The second story concerns ex-bicycle messenger Chevette Washington, also from Virtual Light, who is on the run from her ex-boyfriend. She escapes to her former home, San Francisco's bridge community, to find refuge and revisit her past. She is accompanied by Tessa, an Australian media sciences student who visits the bridge to film a documentary on "interstitial communities".
The third story follows a mysterious, left-handed mercenary named Konrad. Although Konrad is employed by Harwood, he appears to be directed by his own motives. In particular, Konrad aligns his movements with the Tao, the spontaneous, universal energy path of Taoist philosophy.
- Colin Laney – Data analyst with an ability to sense nodal points (previously appeared in Idoru).
- Chevette Washington – an ex-bike messenger who lived on the Bridge for several years and is on the run from an abusive boyfriend (Virtual Light).
- Berry Rydell – A rent-a-cop and former lover of Chevette who is working as a security guard at a convenience store Lucky Dragon in Los Angeles (Virtual Light).
- Shinya Yamazaki – Self-described "student of existential sociology" (Virtual Light, Idoru).
- The Suit – an impoverished ex-salaryman who lives in the Tokyo subway and repaints his suit daily instead of purchasing a fresh one.
- Konrad – Taoist assassin hired by Harwood.
- Tessa – Chevette's media student roommate, who drives Chevette to the Bridge in her van in order to make a documentary on its inhabitants.
- Boomzilla – A street impresario with designs on Tessa's balloon camera.
- Silencio – A mute savant boy with a fascination with watches.
- Fontaine – A Bridge resident and pawn-shop owner who takes Silencio into his care. (Virtual Light)
- Rei Toei – A holographic idol (the beautiful "emergent system" from Idoru).
- Buell Creedmore - An alcoholic/drug addicted country singer with a short temper and a knack for being in the wrong place at the right time. Although he tries to pass himself off as a native Southerner, he later reveals he was born and raised in New Jersey.
Major themes 
Major recurring Gibsonian themes which feature heavily in All Tomorrow's Parties are the sociological impact of emergent technology (notably nanotechnology and artificial intelligence), millennial alienation, the commodification of the counterculture, the existence of nodal points in history (most notably the dawn of the nuclear age in 1911), and the notion of the interstitial. Despite the novel's oblique reference to Madame Curie, Gibson has stated that his placement of the last major nodal point in 1911 was a "viewpoint joke," unconnected to factual events in that year. He had heard a story that Virginia Woolf "pinned the beginning of the modern era on a particular weekend in 1911." (Woolf had actually declared that human nature underwent a fundamental change "on or about December 1910," which inspired the belief that the modernist literary movement began around that time.)
The author's long-time fascination with Japanese culture continues in this novel.
Literary significance and reception 
The novel was critically well-received, with particular note given to Gibson's vivid, well-realised setting and dense prose, though reviewers found its ending to be anti-climactic. Sci Fi Weekly reviewer Curt Wohleber praised the "precision and economy" of All Tomorrow's Parties in comparison to its sometimes dull predecessors.
Gibson scholar Tatiana Rapatzikou located the novel's significance in the fact that it had several motifs, themes and characters in common with Virtual Light and Idoru "without being sequential".
- Sullivan, James (October 19, 1999). "Bridge To Tomorrow". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Botting, Fred (1999). Sex, Machines and Navels. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 212. ISBN 0-7190-5625-X.
- Nayar, Pramod (2004). Virtual Worlds. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. pp. 118–119. ISBN 0-7619-3229-1.
- Brusso, Charlene. "The SF Site Featured Review: All Tomorrow's Parties". SF Site. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Alderman, John. "Apocalypse Later". MetroActive Bench. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Schabe, Patrick. "All Tomorrow's Parties". PopMatters. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Linne, William (December 26, 1999). "William Gibson Hot On the Trail of `Tomorrow'". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Dupont, Alexandra (February 2000). "Alexandra DuPont Interviews William 'Freakin' Gibson!!!!". Ain't It Cool News. Harry Knowles, Ain't It Cool, Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2012. "In a way, it's a viewpoint joke: Laney and Harwood are the only two people in the world who have this peculiar sort of pathological vision that allows them to see 'OOP! that did it!' Somebody told me when I was in England that there was a Virginia Woolf essay in which she had seriously pinned the beginning of the modern era on a particular weekend in 1911. Q. Really? I was wracking my head reading the book, thinking, 'Well, Marie Curie did research on nuclear material and maybe her husband's death drove her into her research....' A. Well, I knew that people would. But you can't get here from there. Q. So there was some mischief in choosing that."
- Poole, Steven (October 30, 1999). "Nearing the nodal". The Guardian. guardian.co.uk. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Powers, Sienna. "Dark Party". January Magazine. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Wohleber, Curt (October 18, 1999). "All Tomorrow's Parties". Sci Fi Weekly. Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2009.[dead link]
- Houston, Frank (October 29, 1999). ""All Tomorrow's Parties" by William Gibson". Salon.com. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Clute, John (October 4, 1999). "Excessive Candour". Science Fiction Weekly 5 (129). Archived from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2009. More than one of
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- LeClair, Tom (November 21, 1999). "Virtual Novel". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Archived from the original on 9 April 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
- Burr, Ty (October 29, 1999). "Book Review". Entertainment Weekly.
- Rapatzikou, Tatiana (2004). Gothic Motifs in the Fiction of William Gibson. Amsterdam: Rodopi. p. 175. ISBN 90-420-1761-9.
- All Tomorrow's Parties at WilliamGibsonBooks.com
- All Tomorrow's Parties at FantasticFiction.co.uk
- Chapters 1–4 of All Tomorrow's Parties at nytimes.com