Alquézar

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Not to be confused with Alquízar. ‹See Tfd›
Alquézar
Alquezra
Municipality
View of Alquézar with Collegiate church on the top
View of Alquézar with Collegiate church on the top
Coat of arms of Alquézar
Coat of arms
Alquézar is located in Spain
Alquézar
Alquézar
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 42°10′26″N 0°01′38″W / 42.17389°N 0.02722°W / 42.17389; -0.02722Coordinates: 42°10′26″N 0°01′38″W / 42.17389°N 0.02722°W / 42.17389; -0.02722
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Aragon
Province Huesca
Comarca Somontano de Barbastro
Judicial district Barbastro[1]
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor José Mariano Altemir Lascorz (PSOE-Aragón)
Area
 • Total 32.36 km2 (12.49 sq mi)
Elevation 660 m (2,170 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 301
 • Density 9.3/km2 (24/sq mi)
Demonym Alquezrano/a
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 22145
Website Official website

Alquézar (Alquezra in Aragonese)[2] is a municipality in the province of Huesca, in the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain. In 2012, it had a population of 301.

Overview[edit]

Situated on a limestone outcrop of Eocene age to the west of the canyon of the Rio Vero river in the Sierra de Guara national park, the village has grown around a castle and the Colegiata de Alquézar of Santa Maria (consecrated in 1099). The limestone is rich in nummulites (large foraminifera) from the shallow marine depositional environment.

The name comes from Arabic القصر al qaçr, "fort, castle" (renamed as Alcazar in Spanish). Jalaf ibn Rasid ordered its construction and it became the main defensive point of Barbastro against the incipient cristians realms in the Sobrarbe's County.

Since Alquézar is situated in the Sierra de Guara, there is much tourist activity in outdoor pursuits such as canyoning, walking, rock climbing and abseiling, as well as ornithology (since eagles nest on the steep faces of the Rio Vero canyon). Several campsites and outdoor activity companies cater for this interest.

The surrounding area to the south towards Barbastro in the direction of the flatter Ebro basin is part of the Somontano, an area known for its fine wines. There are more than 60 limestone caves with prehistoric cave paintings which has led to the region being declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1998. An example is the cave at Arpán on the A-2205 road heading north towards Bárcabo.

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