List of provinces of Spain

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Provinces of Spain
Blank Spain Map (Provinces).svg
Category Province
Location Spain
Found in Autonomous community
Created by Royal Decree (30/11/1833)
Created 1833
Number 50
Populations 95,258–6,458,684
Areas 1,980–21,766 km²
Government Provincial council
Subdivisions Comarca
Municipality

Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces (Spanish: provincias, IPA: [pɾoˈβinθjas]; sing. provincia).[note 1]

Provincial organization[edit]

The layout of Spain's provinces closely follows the pattern of the territorial division of the country carried out in 1833. The only major change of provincial borders since that time has been the sub-division of the Canary Islands into two provinces rather than one.

Historically, the provinces served mainly as transmission belts for policies enacted in Madrid, as Spain was a highly centralised state for most of its history. The importance of the provinces has declined since the adoption of the system of autonomous communities in the period of the Spanish transition to democracy. They nevertheless remain electoral districts for national elections and as geographical references: for instance in postal addresses and telephone codes.

A small town would normally be identified as being in, say, Valladolid province rather than the autonomous community of Castile and León. The provinces were the "building-blocks" from which the autonomous communities were created. Consequently no province is divided between more than one of these communities.

Most of the provinces—with the exception of Álava/Araba, Asturias, Bizkaia/Vizcaya, Cantabria, Gipuzkoa/Gipúzcoa, Illes Balears/Islas Baleares, La Rioja, Las Palmas, and Nafarroa/Navarra—are named after their principal town. Only two capitals of autonomous communities—Mérida in Extremadura and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia—are not also the capitals of provinces.

Seven of the autonomous communities comprise no more than one province each: Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, La Rioja, Madrid, Murcia, and Navarra. These are sometimes referred to as "uniprovincial" communities.

A map of Spain's provinces.

The table below lists the provinces of Spain. For each, the capital city is given, together with an indication of the autonomous community to which it belongs and a link to a list of municipalities in the province. The names of the provinces and their capitals are ordered alphabetically according to the form in which they appear in the main Wikipedia articles describing them. Unless otherwise indicated, their Spanish-language (Castilian) names are the same; locally valid names in Spain's other co-official languages (Basque, Catalan, Galician, Valencian) are also indicated where they differ.

Provinces[edit]

Province name Capital Autonomous community Lists of municipalities
Bandera coruña.png A Coruña (Galician); La Coruña (Spanish); Corunna (English, archaic) A Coruña (Galician); La Coruña (Spanish); Corunna (English, archaic) Flag of Galicia.svg Galicia Municipalities
Álava.svg Álava; Araba (Basque) Vitoria; Gasteiz (Basque) Flag of the Basque Country.svg Basque Country Municipalities
Bandera provincia Albacete.svg Albacete Albacete Bandera Castilla-La Mancha.svg Castile–La Mancha Municipalities
Flag of Alicante.svg Alicante; Alacant (Valencian) Alicante; Alacant (Valencian) Flag of the Land of Valencia (official).svg Valencian Community Municipalities
Flag Almería Province.svg Almería Almería Flag of Andalucía.svg Andalusia Municipalities
Flag of Asturias.svg Asturias Oviedo Flag of Asturias.svg Asturias Municipalities
Bandera de la provincia de Ávila.svg Ávila Ávila Flag of Castile and León.svg Castile and León Municipalities
Flag of Badajoz.svg Badajoz Badajoz Flag of Extremadura with COA.svg Extremadura Municipalities
Flag of the Balearic Islands.svg Balearic Islands; Illes Balears (Catalan); Islas Baleares (Spanish) Palma de Mallorca; Palma (Catalan) Flag of the Balearic Islands.svg Balearic Islands Municipalities
Flag of Barcelona (province).svg Barcelona Barcelona Flag of Catalonia.svg Catalonia Municipalities
Bizkaikobanderea.svg Biscay; Bizkaia (Basque); Vizcaya (Spanish) Bilbao; Bilbo (Basque) Flag of the Basque Country.svg Basque Country Municipalities
Burgos (provincia).svg Burgos Burgos Flag of Castile and León.svg Castile and León Municipalities
Bandera de la provincia de Cáceres.png Cáceres Cáceres Flag of Extremadura with COA.svg Extremadura Municipalities
Flag Cádiz Province.svg Cádiz Cádiz Flag of Andalucía.svg Andalusia Municipalities
Flag of Cantabria (Official).svg Cantabria Santander Flag of Cantabria.svg Cantabria Municipalities
Flag of the Valencian Community (2x3).svg Castellón; Castelló (Valencian) Castellón de la Plana; Castelló de la Plana (Valencian) Flag of the Land of Valencia (official).svg Valencian Community Municipalities
Flag Ciudad Real Province.svg Ciudad Real Ciudad Real Bandera Castilla-La Mancha.svg Castile–La Mancha Municipalities
Provincia de Córdoba - Bandera.svg Córdoba Córdoba; Cordova (English, archaic) Flag of Andalucía.svg Andalusia Municipalities
Flag Cuenca Province.svg Cuenca Cuenca Bandera Castilla-La Mancha.svg Castile–La Mancha Municipalities
Guipúzcoa.svg Gipuzkoa (Basque); Guipúzcoa (Spanish) San Sebastián; Donostia (Basque) Flag of the Basque Country.svg Basque Country Municipalities
Flag of Girona province (unofficial).svg Girona (Catalan); Gerona (Spanish) Girona (Catalan); Gerona (Spanish) Flag of Catalonia.svg Catalonia Municipalities
Bandera de la provincia de Granada (España).svg Granada Granada Flag of Andalucía.svg Andalusia Municipalities
Flag Guadalajara Province.svg Guadalajara Guadalajara Bandera Castilla-La Mancha.svg Castile–La Mancha Municipalities
Bandera de la Provincia De Huelva.svg Huelva Huelva Flag of Andalucía.svg Andalusia Municipalities
Flag of Huesca (province).svg Huesca Huesca Bandera de Aragón Aragon Municipalities
Bandera de la provincia de Jaén.svg Jaén Jaén Flag of Andalucía.svg Andalusia Municipalities
Flag of La Rioja (with coat of arms).svg La Rioja Logroño Flag of La Rioja (with coat of arms).svg La Rioja Municipalities
Provincia de Las Palmas - Bandera.svg Las Palmas Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Flag of the Canary Islands.svg Canary Islands Municipalities
Bandera de León.svg León León Flag of Castile and León.svg Castile and León Municipalities
Bandera de la provincia de Lérida.svg Lleida (Catalan); Lérida (Spanish) Lleida (Catalan); Lérida (Spanish) Flag of Catalonia.svg Catalonia Municipalities
Flag of Lugo province.svg Lugo Lugo Flag of Galicia.svg Galicia Municipalities
Flag of the Community of Madrid.svg Madrid Madrid Bandera de la Comunidad de Madrid Community of Madrid Municipalities
Flag Málaga Province.svg Málaga Málaga Flag of Andalucía.svg Andalusia Municipalities
Flag of the Region of Murcia.svg Murcia Murcia Flag of the Region of Murcia.svg Region of Murcia Municipalities
Bandera de Navarra.svg Navarre; Nafarroa (Basque); Navarra (Spanish) Pamplona; Iruña (Basque) Bandera de Navarra.svg Navarre Municipalities
Provincia de Ourense - Bandera.svg Ourense (Galician); Orense (Spanish) Ourense (Galician); Orense (Spanish) Flag of Galicia.svg Galicia Municipalities
Bandera de la provincia de Palencia.svg Palencia Palencia Flag of Castile and León.svg Castile and León Municipalities
Flag of the Province of Pontevedra.PNG Pontevedra Pontevedra Flag of Galicia.svg Galicia Municipalities
Bandera de la provincia de Salamanca.svg Salamanca Salamanca Flag of Castile and León.svg Castile and León Municipalities
Provincia de Santa Cruz de Tenerife - Bandera.svg Santa Cruz de Tenerife Santa Cruz de Tenerife Flag of the Canary Islands.svg Canary Islands Municipalities
Flag Segovia province.svg Segovia Segovia Flag of Castile and León.svg Castile and León Municipalities
Flag of Diputacion de Sevilla Spain.svg Seville; Sevilla (Spanish) Seville; Sevilla (Spanish) Flag of Andalucía.svg Andalusia Municipalities
Flag Soria province.svg Soria Soria Flag of Castile and León.svg Castile and León Municipalities
Diputació copy.jpg Tarragona Tarragona Flag of Catalonia.svg Catalonia Municipalities
Teruel (provincia).svg Teruel Teruel Bandera de Aragón Aragon Municipalities
Bandera Provincia de Toledo.svg Toledo Toledo Bandera Castilla-La Mancha.svg Castile–La Mancha Municipalities
Flag of the Valencian Community (2x3).svg Valencia; València (Valencian) Valencia; València (Valencian) Flag of the Land of Valencia (official).svg Valencian Community Municipalities
Banderaprovvalladolid.svg Valladolid Valladolid Flag of Castile and León.svg Castile and León Municipalities
Bandera de Zamora.svg Zamora Zamora Flag of Castile and León.svg Castile and León Municipalities
Flag of Zaragoza province (with coat of arms).svg Zaragoza; Saragossa (Catalan) Zaragoza; Saragossa (Catalan) Bandera de Aragón Aragon Municipalities

See also[edit]

General:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In other languages of Spain:

External links[edit]