Amanita franchetii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Amanita franchetii
Amanita franchetii (Boud.) Fayod.jpg
European Amanita franchetii (Boud.) Fayod, Craula, Hörselberg-Hainich, Thüringia, Germany
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Amanitaceae
Genus: Amanita
Species: A. franchetii
Binomial name
Amanita franchetii
(Boud.) Fayod
Varieties

A. franchetii (Boud.) Fayod var. franchetii
A. franchetii sensu Thiers
A. franchetii (Boud.) Fayod var. lactella (E.-J. Gilbert & Kühner) Bon & Contu in Contu

Synonyms

Amanita aspera var. franchetii Boud.
Amanita queletii var. franchetii (Boud.) Bon

Amanita franchetii is a species of fungus in the Amanitaceae family. It was given its current name by Swiss mycologist Victor Fayod in 1889 in honor of French botanist Adrien René Franchet.[1] A. franchetii occurs in Europe and North Africa with oaks (Quercus ssp.), chestnuts (Castanea ssp.), and pines (Pinus ssp.).[2]

Amanita augusta, formerly classed as Amanita franchetii sensu Thiers, Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin Co., California, USA

A similar fungus in western North America was also referred to as A. franchetii, but was long suspected of being a separate, undescribed species,[2] and in 2013 was formally described under the name Amanita augusta.[3]

Amanita aspera and Amanita franchetii are synonyms.[4]

There also exists a variety known as Amanita franchetii var. lactella that is entirely white except for the bright yellow universal veil remnants.[5] It is found in the western Mediterranean region, associated with several species of oak (Quercus suber and Q. robur) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus),[5] and is also reported from Serbia.[6]




Edibility[edit]

Amanita franchetii's edibility is suspect; it should not be taken for the table.[7] Although chemical analysis has not thus far revealed in A. franchetii the presence of the amatoxins found in some other Amanitas,[7][8] it has recently been implicated in the deaths of ten people in China who displayed symptoms similar to those caused by amatoxin poisoning.[8]

Amanita franchetii
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is flat

or convex
hymenium is free
stipe has a ring and volva
spore print is white
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: unknown

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fayod MV. (1889). "Prodrome d'une histoire naturelle des Agaricinés". Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique (in French) 9 (VII): 181–411. 
  2. ^ a b Tulloss, R.E. (2011). Tulloss RE, Yang ZL, ed. "Amanita franchetii". Amanitaceae studies. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Bojantchev D, Davis RM. (2013.) Amanita augusta, a new species from California and the Pacific Northwest. North American Fungi 8(5):1-11. doi:10.2509/naf2013.008.005
  4. ^ Kuo, M. (March 2005). "Amanita franchetii". MushroomExpert.Com. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Tulloss, R.E. (2011). Tulloss RE, Yang ZL, ed. "Amanita franchetii var. lactella". Amanitaceae studies. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  6. ^ Lukić N. (2008). "The Distribution and Diversity of Amanita Genus in Central Serbia" (PDF). Kragujevac Journal of Science 30: 105–115. 
  7. ^ a b Arora, David (1986). Mushrooms demystified : a comprehensive guide to the fleshy fungi (2nd ed. ed.). Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. p. 278. ISBN 9780898151695. 
  8. ^ a b Huang, L.; Liu, X. L.; Cao, C. S.; Ying, Q. (22 February 2009). "Outbreak of fatal mushroom poisoning with Amanita franchetii and Ramaria rufescens". Case Reports 2009 (feb22 1): bcr0620080327–bcr0620080327. doi:10.1136/bcr.06.2008.0327. 

External links[edit]