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Amenominakanushi (天御中主 "All-Father of the Originating Hub", or 天之御中主神 "Heavenly Ancestral God of the Originating Heart of the Universe") is, according to the Kojiki,[1] the first kami, and the concept of the source of the universe according to theologies.[2] In mythology he is described as a "god who came into being alone" (hitorigami), the first of the zōka sanshin ("three kami of creation"), and one of the five kotoamatsukami ("distinguished heavenly gods").[2]

Amenominakanushi has been considered a concept developed under the influence of Chinese thought by some scholars.[2] But now most scholars don't believe so.[3]

See also[edit]


  • Joseph Mitsuo Kitagawa. On Understanding Japanese Religion. Princeton University Press, 1987. ISBN 0691102295


  1. ^ Kitagawa, 1987. p. 29, note 92
  2. ^ a b c Amenominakanushi. Encyclopedia of Shinto.
  3. ^ 匝瑤 葵「宇宙を構成する古事記の別天神―出雲大社の天空神」 『アジア遊学』No.121, pp.94-101, 勉誠出版, 2009年