Anadenanthera colubrina var. colubrina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Anadenanthera colubrina var. colubrina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Anadenanthera
Species: A. colubrina
Variety: A. c. var. colubrina
Trinomial name
Anadenanthera colubrina var. colubrina
(Griseb.) Altschul
Synonyms
  • Piptadenia colubrina (Vell.) Benth.[1]

Anadenanthera colubrina var. colubrina is a tree native to Argentina and Brazil.[1] Common names for it include Angico, Angico-brabo-liso, Angico-cambui, Angico-coco, Angico-escuro, Angico-liso, Angico-vermelho, Aperta-ruao and Cambui-angico.[2]

Growth[edit]

Anadenanthera colubrina var. colubrina normally grows to a height of about 10–20 m, but occasionally it will be seen up to 30 m tall. It can be found growing at an altitude of 100–1200 m in areas with 1200–2000 mm/year annual rainfall.[3]

The tree's bark has a thickness of about 4–10 mm. The outside surface is nearly smooth. It is gray, black speckled and resembles snake skin, after which it was once given a scientific designation.

Medicinal uses[edit]

This tree has recorded medicinal uses and the bark contains 16.4% tannin.[4] The wood is hard to very hard and it has a density of 0.80-1.10 g/cm³.[3] It is used for firewood, charcoal,[3] floors, beams, posts, stakes, boat construction and general construction.[2]

References[edit]