André Duchesne (musician)

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André Duchesne
Born 1949
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Genres Experimental music, contemporary classical
Occupation(s) Musician, composer
Instruments Guitar
Years active mid-1970s – present
Labels Ambiances Magnétiques
Associated acts Conventum, Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar, Locomotive

André Duchesne (born 1949) is a Canadian experimental music guitarist and composer. He was a co-founder of Ambiances Magnétiques, a Canadian musical collective and record label, and formed several experimental music bands, including Conventum, Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar and Locomotive. Duchesne has also released five solo albums.

Biography[edit]

André Duchesne was born in Montreal, Quebec in 1949. As a teenager he learnt acoustic guitar, but was not satisfied with the popular rock music being played at the time. In the mid-1970s he formed an avant-garde folk-rock group called Conventum with René Lussier, Jean Derome, Jean-Pierre Bouchard, Jacques Laurin, Bernard Cormier and poet Alain-Arthur Painchaud. Conventum was described by AllMusic as a mixture of "Quebec's folk roots with absurd poetry and progressive arrangements".[1] They released two albums, À l'Affût d'un Complot in 1977 and Le Bureau Central des Utopies in 1979.[1]

In 1983 Duchesne, Lussier, Derome and Robert M. Lepage formed Ambiances Magnétiques, a musical collective and artist-run record label specialising in avant-garde music. Duchesne released his first solo album, Le Temps des Bombes on the new label in 1984.[1] Then he began writing contrapuntal compositions for a guitar quartet, and formed Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar (The 4 Guitarists of the Apocalypso-Bar) with Lussier, Bouchard and Roger Boudreault to perform the pieces. Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar was a concept band that Duchesne said was from post-apocalypse Canada "inspired by the ghost of Jimi Hendrix".[2] They premiered at the 4th Festival International de Musique Actuelle de Victoriaville (FIMAV) at Victoriaville, Quebec in October 1986,[3] and continued until 1989, touring Canada, the United States and Europe. They also released two albums in 1987 and 1989.[2]

After the success of Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar,[2] Duchesne returned to FIMAV in 1989 to premier "his most ambitious work ever",[1] L' Ou 'L,[4] a composition that explored different styles of chamber music. In 1991, he formed Locomotive with Claude Fradette and Rémi Leclerc, which also performed at FIMAV in 1991.[5] Locomotive recorded an album of the same name in 1992, which AllMusic called "the pinnacle of André Duchesne's discography".[6]

During the mid- to late-1990s, Duchesne formed several rock bands, but they never recorded. In 1999 he released Réflexions, an album of classical guitar solos,[1] and in 2001, Polaroïde, a free improvisation session for guitar, viola and percussion. Duchesne returned to FIMAV for its 21st edition in 2004 to premier Cordes à danser, a new project of his featuring a string quartet and a "power trio" of guitar, bass and drums.[7][8]

Solo discography[edit]

Source: AllMusic[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Couture, François. "André Duchesne". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-01-19. 
  2. ^ a b c Couture, François. "Les 4 Guitaristes de l'Apocalypso-Bar". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-01-19. 
  3. ^ "4th Festival international de musique actuelle de Victoriaville". International Festival Musique Actuelle Victoriaville. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  4. ^ "7th Festival international de musique actuelle de Victoriaville". International Festival Musique Actuelle Victoriaville. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  5. ^ "9th Festival international de musique actuelle de Victoriaville". International Festival Musique Actuelle Victoriaville. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  6. ^ Couture, François. "Locomotive". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-01-19. 
  7. ^ "21st Festival international de musique actuelle de Victoriaville". International Festival Musique Actuelle Victoriaville. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  8. ^ Beaucage, Réjea. "André Duchesne (FIMAV): Vieux de la vieille". Voir (in French). Retrieved 2011-01-19. 
  9. ^ "André Duchesne discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-01-19.