Andy Goldsworthy

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Andy Goldsworthy
Andy Goldsworthy de Young installation.jpg
Andy Goldsworthy in 2005
Born (1956-07-26) 26 July 1956 (age 58)
Cheshire, England
Nationality British
Education Bradford College of Art (1974–1975); Preston Polytechnic (now University of Central Lancashire) (1975–1978)
Known for Sculpture; photography
Movement Environmental art and land art
Awards Scottish Arts Council Award (1987); honorary degree from the University of Bradford (1993); OBE (2000)

Andy Goldsworthy, OBE (born 26 July 1956) is a British sculptor, photographer and environmentalist producing site-specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings. He lives and works in Scotland.

Early life

The son of F. Allin Goldsworthy (1929–2001), former professor of applied mathematics at the University of Leeds, Andy Goldsworthy was born in Cheshire[1] and grew up on the Harrogate side of Leeds, West Yorkshire, in a house edging the green belt. From the age of 13 he worked on farms as a labourer. He has likened the repetitive quality of farm tasks to the routine of making sculpture: "A lot of my work is like picking potatoes; you have to get into the rhythm of it."[2]

Goldsworthy studied fine art at Bradford College of Art (1974–1975) and at Preston Polytechnic (1975–1978)[1] (now the University of Central Lancashire) in Preston, Lancashire, receiving his Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree from the latter.[3]

Career

Sculpture in National Museum of Scotland by Andy Goldsworthy.

After leaving college, Goldsworthy lived in Yorkshire, Lancashire and Cumbria. In 1985, he moved to Langholm in Dumfries and Galloway, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, and a year later to Penpont. It has been said that his gradual drift northwards was "due to a way of life over which he did not have complete control", but that contributing factors were opportunities and desires to work in these areas and "reasons of economy".[4]

In 1993, he received an honorary degree from the University of Bradford. He is currently an A.D. White Professor-At-Large at Cornell University.[5]

Andy Goldsworthy is the subject of a 2001 documentary feature film called Rivers and Tides, directed by Thomas Riedelsheimer.[6]

Photography plays a crucial role in his art due to its often ephemeral and transient state. According to Goldsworthy, "Each work grows, stays, decays – integral parts of a cycle which the photograph shows at its heights, marking the moment when the work is most alive. There is an intensity about a work at its peak that I hope is expressed in the image. Process and decay are implicit."[7]

Goldsworthy produced a commissioned work for the entry courtyard of San Francisco's De Young Museum called "Drawn Stone", which echoes San Francisco's frequent earthquakes and their effects. His installation included a giant crack in the pavement that broke off into smaller cracks, and broken limestone, which could be used for benches. The smaller cracks were made with a hammer adding unpredictability to the work as he created it.[8]

Art process

The materials used in Andy Goldsworthy's art often include brightly coloured flowers, icicles, leaves, mud, pinecones, snow, stone, twigs, and thorns. He has been quoted as saying, "I think it's incredibly brave to be working with flowers and leaves and petals. But I have to: I can't edit the materials I work with. My remit is to work with nature as a whole."[9] Goldsworthy is generally considered the founder of modern rock balancing. For his ephemeral works, Goldsworthy often uses only his bare hands, teeth, and found tools to prepare and arrange the materials; however, for his permanent sculptures like "Roof", "Stone River" and "Three Cairns", "Moonlit Path" (Petworth, West Sussex, 2002) and "Chalk Stones" in the South Downs, near West Dean, West Sussex he has also employed the use of machine tools. To create "Roof", Goldsworthy worked with his assistant and five British dry-stone wallers, who were used to make sure the structure could withstand time and nature.

Personal life

In 1982, Goldsworthy married Judith Gregson. They had four children and settled in the village of Penpont in the region of Dumfries and Galloway, Dumfriesshire, in southwest Scotland. The couple later separated. He now lives there with his partner, Tina Fiske, an art historian whom he met when she came to work with him a few years after he separated from his wife.[2]

Awards

  • 1979 – North West Arts Award
  • 1980 – Yorkshire Arts Award
  • 1981 – Northern Arts Award
  • 1982 – Northern Arts Award
  • 1986 – Northern Arts Bursary
  • 1987 – Scottish Arts Council Award
  • 1989 – Northern Electricity Arts Award[3]
  • 2000 – Appointed officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE)[2]

Exhibitions and installations

Image Dates Title Location
Andy Goldsworthy-Fold1.jpg 1996–2003 Sheepfolds Cumbria, England, UK
Stone House (Andy Goldsworthy 1997).JPG 1997 Stone House[10] Herring Island, Victoria, Australia
Cairn (Andy Goldworthy 1997).JPG 1997 Cairn[10] Herring Island, Victoria, Australia
1998 Hutton Roof National Museum of Scotland

Edinburgh, Scotland, UK

22 May –
15 November 2000
Andy Goldsworthy at Storm King Art Center[11]

(featuring the installation Storm King Wall)

Storm King Art Center

Mountainville, Cornwall, New York, USA

August 2001 Stone River[12] Cantor Arts Center, Stanford University

Stanford, California, USA

AndyGoldsworthy-ArchatGoodwood-2002.jpg 2002 Andy Goldsworthy Arch at Goodwood[13]
Cass Sculpture Foundation

Goodwood, West Sussex, England, UK

Boulder on the Chalk Stones Trail.jpg 2002 Chalk Stones Trail South Downs near West Dean, West Sussex
4 May –
31 October 2004
Andy Goldsworthy on the Roof[14]

(featuring the installation Stone Houses)

Iris and B. Gerald Cantor Metropolitan Museum of Art Roof Garden

New York City, USA

2005 Andy Goldsworthy: Early Works

A national touring exhibition from the Haywood Gallery[15]

England, United Kingdom
2005 Drawn Stone[16] M. H. de Young Memorial Museum

San Francisco

Andy Goldsworthy-Roof.jpg
Andy Goldsworthy-Roof 2.jpg
22 January –
15 May 2005
The Andy Goldsworthy Project[17]

(including the installation Roof)[18]

National Gallery of Art

National Mall, Washington, D.C., USA

2006 Red sandstone wall at the Doerr-Hosier Center[19] Aspen Institute

Aspen, Colorado, USA

YSP goldsworthy 07-3.JPG 31 March 2007 –
6 January 2008
Andy Goldsworthy[20] Yorkshire Sculpture Park

West Bretton, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, UK

October 2008 Spire[21] Park Presidio
San Francisco
June 2009 Provence art trail[22] Provence
France
Domodeargila.png 7 September 2012 –
2 November 2012
Domo de Argila / Clay Dome[23][24] Cais do Porto

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Publications

  • photoworks by Andy Goldsworthy (1985). Rain, Sun, Snow, Hail, Mist, Calm : Photoworks by Andy Goldsworthy. Leeds: Henry Moore Centre for the Study of Sculpture. ISBN 0-901981-24-9. 
  • Andy Goldsworthy (1988). Parkland. [Yorkshire]: Yorkshire Sculpture Park. ISBN 1-871480-00-0. 
  • Andy Goldsworthy (1989). Touching North. London: Fabian Carlsson. ISBN 0-948274-06-9. 
  • Andy Goldsworthy (1989). Leaves. London: Common Ground. ISBN 1-870364-07-4. 
  • Andy Goldsworth (1990). Andy Goldsworthy. London: Viking. ISBN 0-670-83213-8.  Republished as Andy Goldsworthy (1990). Andy Goldsworthy : A Collaboration with Nature. New York, N.Y.: H. N. Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-3351-9. 
  • Andy Goldsworthy (1992). Ice and Snow Drawings : 1990–1992. Edinburgh: FruitMarket Gallery. ISBN 0-947912-06-1. 
  • Goldsworthy, Andy; Friedman, Terry (1993). Hand to Earth : Andy Goldsworthy Sculpture, 1976–1990. New York, N.Y.: H. N. Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-3420-5. 
  • Andy Goldsworthy (1994). Stone. London: Viking. ISBN 0-670-85478-6. 
  • text and photographs by Andy Goldsworthy (1995). Black Stones, Red Pools : Dumfriesshire Winter 1994–5. London: Pro Arte Foundation in association with Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art Ltd. & Galerie Lelong, N.Y. ISBN 0-9525457-0-5. 
  • Goldsworthy, Andy; Chettle, Steve; Nesbitt, Paul; Humphries, Andrew (1996). Sheepfolds. London: Michael Hue-Williams Fine Art Ltd. 
  • Andy Goldsworthy ; introduction by Terry Friedman (1996). Wood. London: Viking. ISBN 0-670-87137-0. 
  • Craig, Andy (1999). Arch. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-01933-9.  |first2= missing |last2= in Authors list (help)
  • Andy Goldsworthy. Chronology by Terry Friedman (2000). Time. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-51026-1. 
  • Goldsworthy, Andy; Thompson, Jerry L.; Storm King Art Center (2000). Wall at Storm King. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-01991-6. 
  • Andy Goldsworthy. Introduction by Judith Collins. (2001). Midsummer Snowballs. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-51065-2. 
  • Andy Goldsworthy (2002). Andy Goldsworthy : Refuges D'Art. Lyon; Digne, France: Editions Artha; Musée départemental de Digne. ISBN 2-84845-001-0. 
  • Andy Goldsworthy (2004). Passage. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-51191-8. 
  • Andy Goldsworthy (2007). Enclosure. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-09336-9. 

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Stonard, John Paul (10 December 2000). "Goldsworthy, Andy". Grove Art Online. Retrieved on 15 May 2007.
  2. ^ a b c Adams, Tim (11 March 2007). "Natural talent". London: The Observer. 
  3. ^ a b "Andy Goldsworthy (British, 1956)". artnet. Archived from the original on 4 February 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  4. ^ "Andy Goldsworthy". Cass Sculpture Foundation. Archived from the original on 12 March 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2008. 
  5. ^ Rivers and Tides at the Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 31 January 2008.
  6. ^ "Andy Goldsworthy: Art of nature". ninemsn. 19 February 2006. Retrieved 18 June 2007. 
  7. ^ Douglas, Sarah (24 October 2005). "In Their Words: James Turrell and Andy Goldsworthy". ARTINFO. Retrieved 16 April 2008. 
  8. ^ Sooke, Alastair (24 March 2007). "He's got the whole world in his hands". London: The Daily Telegraph. 
  9. ^ a b "Artworks of Herring Island Environmental Sculpture Park". Vicnet. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Andy Goldsworthy at Storm King Art Center". Storm King Art Center. 2000. Retrieved 24 June 2007. 
  11. ^ "Andy Goldsworthy sculpture, Stone River, enters Stanford University's outdoor art collection". Cantor Arts Center, Stanford University. 4 September 2001. Retrieved 10 February 2008. 
  12. ^ "Andy Goldsworthy: Arch at Goodwood, 2002". Cass Sculpture Foundation. Archived from the original on 4 February 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008. 
  13. ^ "Andy Goldsworthy on the Roof". Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2004. Retrieved 24 June 2007. 
  14. ^ "Andy Goldsworthy : Early Works : Leaves, Twigs, Enormous Snowballs and Icicles... Andy Goldworthy's Sculptures are Inherently Surprising and Beautiful". bbc.co.uk. 4 May 2005.  "Andy Goldsworthy : Nature and Art Combine when the Early Works of the Internationally Renowned Artist Andy Goldsworthy come to Fairfields Art Centre in Basingstoke". bbc.co.uk. 20 September 2005. 
  15. ^ "Drawn Stone, on the website of Galerie Lelong, New York City". Archived from the original on 27 January 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2007. 
  16. ^ "The Andy Goldsworthy Project : 22 January – 15 May 2005". National Gallery of Art. 2005. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2007. 
  17. ^ "Andy Goldsworthy : Roof". National Gallery of Art. Archived from the original on 13 July 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2007. 
  18. ^ Oksenhorn, Stewart (23 September 2006). "A Wall of Integration, Not Division". Aspen Times Weekly. 
  19. ^ Calton, Gary (photographer) (11 March 2007). "Andy Goldsworthy at the Yorkshire Sculpture Park". London: The Observer.  "Andy Goldsworthy". Yorkshire Sculpture Park. Archived from the original on 18 June 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2007. 
  20. ^ "Spire, by Andy Goldsworthy". The Presidio Trust. 2009. Retrieved 22 July 2009. 
  21. ^ "Provence art trail, by Andy Goldsworthy". The Guardian (London). 19 June 2009. Archived from the original on 23 July 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2009. 
  22. ^ "OiR Final release" (PDF). Oi Futuro Public Art Program. Retrieved 25 September 2012. 
  23. ^ "Andy Goldsworthy – Domo de Argila Legendado – YouTube". Oi Futuro Public Art Program. 19 September 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012. 

References

Further information

Articles:

Books:

  • Malpas, William (1995). Andy Goldsworthy: Touching Nature. Kidderminster: Crescent Moon. ISBN 1-86171-049-6. 
  • Malpas, William (1998). The Art of Andy Goldsworthy. Kidderminster: Crescent Moon. ISBN 1-86171-032-1. 
  • Malpas, William (2003). Andy Goldsworthy in Close-Up. Maidstone, Kent: Crescent Moon. ISBN 1-86171-050-X. 
  • Malpas, William (2008). Andy Goldsworthy: Pocket Guide. Maidstone, Kent: Crescent Moon. ISBN 978-1-86171-241-7. 

Film / Documentary

  • Rivers and Tides (2001) documentary

External links

General:

Art: