Andy Weaver Amish
Andy Weaver Amish are considered a subgroup of the Old Order Amish, although they do not fellowship or intermarry with more liberal Old Order Amish. They speak Pennsylvania German as their mother tongue as well as English with outsiders.
In Holmes County, Ohio the Andy Weaver Amish were formed in 1952 over the issue of shunning. They are less conservative than the Swartzentruber Amish but more conservative than the Old Order main body. Compared to them they have greater restrictions on farm, business and home technologies, a stricter interpretation of shunning, stricter youth regulations and a greater tolerance of alcohol and tobacco.
Most of the Andy Weaver Amish live in Holmes County, Ohio, where they had 30 church districts in 2009. There are three other settlement including a settlement in Ashland County, Ohio, and in one upstate New York. Alltoghether, there were 40 church districts in 2011.
- Donald B. Kraybill, Karen M. Johnson-Weiner and Steven M. Nolt: The Amish, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore MD 2013.
- Karen Johnson-Weiner: New York Amish: Life in the Plain Communities of the Empire State, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY 2010.
- Charles Hurst and David McConnell: An Amish Paradox. Diversity and Change in the World's Largest Amish Community, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore MD 2010.
- Hurst, Charles E.; McConnell, David L.: An Amish Paradox: Diversity and Change in the World's Largest Amish Community, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore 2010, page 26. ISBN 0-8018-9398-4.
- Kraybill, Donald; Karen M. Johnson-Weiner; Steven M. Nolt (2013). The Amish. Johns Hopkins Univ Pr. p. 139.
- Who are the Andy Weaver Amish? - Amish Online Encyclopedia entry on Andy Weaver Amish technology, history, and customs.