List of U.S. states by Amish population

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Eighteen states of the United States have a significant Amish population. The most recent census of Amish population was published in 2012, compiled by Elizabeth Cooksey, professor of sociology, and Cory Anderson, a graduate student in rural sociology, both at The Ohio State University.[1] It was commissioned by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies for the 2010 U.S. Religion Census (published in 2012).[1][2] Following are populations by state per the results.

Ohio 59,103
Pennsylvania 58,009
Indiana 45,144
Wisconsin 14,957
New York 10,787
Michigan 10,218
Missouri 9,833
Kentucky 8,172
Iowa 7,179
Illinois 6,267
Minnesota 2,765
Tennessee 1,948
Maryland 1,512
Delaware 1,424
Kansas 940
Virginia 547
Oklahoma 523
Montana 363
Colorado 330
Nebraska 275
West Virginia 217
Maine 203
Mississippi 175
Arkansas 130
North Carolina 127
Florida 125
Texas 52
South Dakota 31

The following population listing uses data from a book published in 2001 (Donald Kraybill, The Riddle of Amish Culture).[3]

Ohio 49,750
Pennsylvania 40,100
Indiana 32,650
Wisconsin 10,250
Michigan 9,300
Missouri 6,100
Kentucky 5,150
New York 5,000
Iowa 4,850
Illinois 4,200
Minnesota 1,600
Tennessee 1,500
Delaware 1,100
Kansas 1,100
Maryland 800
Oklahoma 700
Montana 550
Virginia 550

According to Albrecht Powell, the Pennsylvania Amish are not the largest group of U.S. Amish as is commonly thought. The Amish have settled in as many as twenty-four states, Canada, and Central America, though about 80% are located in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. The greatest concentration of Amish is in Holmes and adjoining counties in northeast Ohio, about 100 miles from Pittsburgh. Next in size is a group of Amish people in Elkhart and surrounding counties in northeastern Indiana. Then comes the Amish settlement in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The Amish population in the U.S. numbers more than 270,000 and is growing rapidly, due to large family size (seven children on average) and a church-member retention rate of approximately 80%."[4]


  1. ^ a b Emily Caldwell (July 27, 2012). "Estimate: A new Amish community is founded every three and a half weeks in US". Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  2. ^ 2010 U.S. Religion Census, official website.
  3. ^ Donald Kraybill (2001). The Riddle of Amish Culture. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-6772-9. 
  4. ^ Powell, Albrecht. "Amish 101 - Amish Beliefs, Culture & Lifestyle, History of the Amish in America,". Retrieved 2012.