Anger management is training for temper control and is the skill of remaining calm. It has been described as deploying anger successfully. Two kinds of anger management can be identified: non-strategic and strategic. One example of non-strategic handling of anger is a CEO suing from fury and finding the ongoing lawsuit costing the company $8 million in legal fees. An example of the other kind, of strategic management of anger, is a CEO using a stern tone to achieve desired results such as subordinates replacing a shoddy document with a perfect one. Anger management programs consider anger to be a motivation caused by an identifiable reason which can be logically analyzed and if suitable worked toward.
Some popular anger management techniques include relaxation techniques, cognitive restructuring, problem solving and improving communication strategies.
DiGiuseppe found, after reviewing the existing outcome studies on anger treatments, that some successful interventions for anger had been developed, but those interventions were generally less successful than the psychotherapeutic interventions for anxiety and depression.
Consequences, classic examples
Robin Meyers wrote about Jesus temper in the temple: Jesus entered the Temple in a rage and drove out the money changers and the sellers of sacrificial animals using a whip. Some consider this an anger-management problem; others, an attack upon the Temple. It has been called the cleansing of the Temple. The authorities considered the whippings more serious than Jesus just “acting out.” A generation passed before the passion narratives were written down. Some consider the incident of Jesus acting violently, at odds with his own faith, likely to have been one of the most repeated tales in the early Christian oral tradition and therefore likely to be historical. Meyers also wrote that the violence may have been the “last straw” that leads to Jesus arrest and that Paul’s letters to people ages ago, the earliest written record of Jesus, say Jesus “died for our sins,” and also that he was buried, and was raised on the third day.
Mohandas Gandhi used anger management; according to his grandson Arun, he used his anger over injustice as energy and didn’t let himself do foolish things because of his anger. Mohandas said, “. . .Satyagraha works on the principle that you make the so-called enemy see and realize the injustice he is engaged in;” in 1930 in India, because only the British were allowed to make salt, Mohandas lead a 165-mile march of a large group of people; when they arrived at the Arabian Sea they made salt by evaporation of sea water. He said, “If someone killed me and I died with a prayer for the assassin on my lips . . .would I be said to have had the nonviolence . . .” Years later, satyagraha was also used by Martin King in the United States and then by Nelson Mandela in South Africa. Mohandas said, “Nonviolence . . .means doing what it just . . .”
George W. Bush often felt fierce anger yet did not allow it to govern him. President Bush’s speech on September 11, 2001, after the United States was attacked, was not a war speech. It was a compassionate, conservative speech. Bush’s calm and self-restraint after the attack has been called “Bush’s great gift.” Instead of rage, he showed quiet determination. He told his speech writers he would not say words of anger or vengefulness. When he spoke unprepared he more than once paraphrased Romans 12:21 which says, “Be not overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.” In September 2002 he asked religious leaders in his office to pray for him. During his presidency, religion-oriented rehabilitation efforts such as anger management flourished. Anger has been linked to violent criminal behavior. Programs to help inmates cope with violent urges, according to a survey of correctional facilities, may be the most frequent form of group therapy offered within prison settings. Sometimes called violence management, it is used to help inmates control their anger by using cognitive-behavioral methods. The programs are for those who have been using anger and threats of violence inappropriately.
Social-emotional learning, or S.E.L., is the niche of emotion management curricula for elementary schools. There are a variety of programs schools can buy to help teachers teach students emotion and social skills. One used by thousands of schools, Second Step, was created in 1986 as a violence prevention program. Another, Ruler, used by hundreds of schools is more expensive. They promote self-awareness, self-restraint, and persistence. One study showed such training decreases aggression and increases test scores. A 2010 study by the U.S. Department of Education found it does not. Supporters of the guidance criticized the methodology of the department’s study. In 2003, the U.S. state of Illinois made social and emotional learning part of school curricula. George Lucas’s foundation, Ed-utopia, has lobbied for schools to teach emotion and social skills.
- Schwarts, Gil p. 114
- Schwarts, Gil p. 116
- Schwarts, Gil pp. 114, 116
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- APA, apa.org 2013. Controlling anger before it controls you, Strategies To Keep Anger At Bay, part 4. Washington, DC: APA's Office of Publications and Databases
- Feindler, Eva L. Editor. 2006. Anger-Related Disorders: A Practitioner's Guide to Comparative Treatments, Springer Series on Comparative Treatments for Psychological Disorders New York, NY Springer Publishing Company. ISBN 9780826140470
- Frum, David. 2005. The Right Man: An Inside Account Of The Bush White House New York, NY: Random House ISBN 9780812974904
- Kassinove, Howard and Tafrate, Raymond C. 2002. Anger Management: The Complete Treatment Guidebook for Practitioners Atascadero, California: Impact Publishers. ISBN 9781886230453
- Meyers, Robin R. 2009. Saving Jesus from the Church: How to Stop Worshiping Christ and Start Following Jesus. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 2009. ISBN 9780061973062
- Rice, Dona Herweck and Rice, William. 2005. Mohandas Gandhi Huntington Beach, CA: Teacher Created Materials, Inc. ISBN 9780743989671
- Schwarts, Gil. July 2006. Anger Management, July 2006 The Office Politic. Men’s Health magazine. Emmaus, PA: Rodale, Inc.
- Siegel, Larry J. 2010. Introduction to Criminal Justice, Twelfth edition Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning (Wadsworth) 2008, 2010. ISBN 9780495599777