Anne Salmond

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Anne Salmond
Born Wellington, New Zealand
Nationality New Zealand
Fields History
Institutions University of Auckland
Alma mater
University of Auckland staff page

Dame Anne Salmond DBE FRSNZ FBA (born 1945) is a New Zealand anthropologist and writer. She was New Zealander of the Year in 2013.[1][2]

Background and personal life[edit]

Salmond was born in Wellington in 1945 and grew up in Gisborne, before being sent to board at Solway College in Masterton. She was educated at the University of Auckland and the University of Pennsylvania. She was inspired to research early Maori history after visiting the US on a scholarship as a teenager, and when asked to talk about New Zealand, she realised she didn't know much about the Maori side of the story.[3]

She and her husband Jeremy live in Auckland and have three children, Amiria,[4] Stephen, and Tim. In 2000, she and her husband initiated the restoration of the Longbush Ecosanctuary in Gisborne.[5]


Salmond is a Distinguished Professor of Maori Studies and Anthropology at the University of Auckland. Her links with the Maori world go back to her great grandfather, James McDonald,[6] a noted photographer, film-maker and artist who worked with Maori leaders including Sir Apirana Ngata[7] and Sir Peter Buck.[8][9]

Salmond had a close relationship with Eruera Stirling and Amiria Stirling, noted elders of Te Whānau-ā-Apanui and Ngati Porou. Their collaboration led to three books about Maori life:

  • Hui: A Study of Maori Ceremonial Gatherings (1975) – awarded the Elsdon Best memorial gold medal for distinction in Maori ethnology in 1976
  • Amiria: The Life of a Maori Woman, which won a Wattie Book of the Year Award in 1977
  • Eruera: Teachings of a Maori Elder won first prize in the Wattie Book of the Year Awards in 1981

Salmond's work then turned to cross-cultural encounters in New Zealand, resulting in two works:

  • Two Worlds: First Meetings Between Maori and Europeans 1642–1772 (1991) which won the National Book Award (Non-Fiction) in 1991, and the Ernest Scott Prize in 1992
  • Between Worlds: Early Exchanges Between Maori and Europeans 1773–1815 (1997) which won the Ernest Scott Prize in 1998;

Afterwards, she began to explore early exchanges between islanders and European explorers in the Pacific, leading to the publication of three books:

  • The Trial of the Cannibal Dog: Captain Cook in the South Seas (2003), which won the History Category and the Montana Medal for Non Fiction at the Montana New Zealand Book Awards 2004
  • Aphrodite's Island: the European Discovery of Tahiti
  • Bligh: The Pacific Voyages of William Bligh (2011).

She is currently writing a book about exchanges between different realities (ontologies) to be titled Tears of Rangi: Experiments between Worlds.

In 2004, Salmond received the Prime Minister's Award for Literary Achievement for non-fiction.[10]

Salmond has served on the boards of the Foundation for Research, Science and Technology, the Museum of New Zealand, and she was chair of the New Zealand Historic Places Trust from 2001 to 2007. She was Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Equal Opportunity) at the University of Auckland from 1997 to 2006.[11] She is the Project Sponsor for the Starpath Partnership for Excellence, which aims to ensure that Maori, Pacific and low income students achieve their potential through education.[12]


In 1988 she was made Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to literature and the Maori people and in 1990 she was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand. In 1995 she became a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to New Zealand history.

In November 2007, she was elected as an inaugural Fellow of the New Zealand Academy for the Humanities. In 2008, she was elected a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy, and in 2009, she was elected a Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences – the first New Zealander known to have achieved this double distinction.[13][14]

In 2013, she was crowned New Zealander of the Year for her work on cultural history.[15]


  1. ^ "Dame Anne Salmond NZer of the year". 3 News NZ. 28 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Dame Anne wins NZer of the Year". 1 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Dame Anne moved by award". 3 News NZ. 1 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Amiria Salmond". Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Longbush Ecosanctuary". Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Dennis, Jonathan (30 October 2012). "McDonald, James Ingram". Te Ara – The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Sorrenson, M. P. K. (4 December 2013). "Ngata, Apirana Turupa". Te Ara. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Sorrenson, M. P. K. (30 October 2012). "Buck, Peter Henry". Te Ara. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Maori Television (21 April 2011). "Dame Anne Salmond retraces ancestor's journey". Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Previous winners". Creative New Zealand. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  11. ^ University of Auckland (21 August 2000). "Research Demonstrates Effects of Fee Increases". Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "The Starpath Project Raising achievement for students from low socio-economic backgrounds". University of Auckland. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "David Meltzer, Melvyn Goldstein, and Anne Salmond Elected to National Academy of Sciences". University of California Press Blog. University of California. 5 May 2009. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  14. ^ Masters, Catherine (9 May 2009). "A place among the world's elite". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "Building bridges brings honour". The Press. 1 March 2013. p. A5. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 

External links[edit]