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Apigeninidin (chloride)
Other names
3-desoxy- pelargonidin
5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)benzopyrilium chloride[1]
1151-98-0 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL590784 YesY
ChemSpider 140151 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 441647
Molar mass 255.24 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Apigeninidin[2] (Gesneridin) is a chemical compound belonging to the 3-deoxyanthocyanidins and that can be found in the Patagonian plant Ephedra frustillata[3] and in the soybean.[4]. Apigeninidin is one of the principal pigments found in sorghum [5]. Extremely high level of apigeninidin (49 mg/g) has been documented in sorghum leaf sheath [6].

Projects in Burkina Faso have been led in 1994 to use a red desoxy-3-anthocyanin pigment identified as apigenindin from Sorghum in the dyeing industry.[7]


  1. ^ Quantitative measurement of proton dissociation and tautomeric constants of apigeninidin, Luca Costantino, Giulio Rastelli, Maria C. Rossi and Albano Albasini, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1995
  2. ^ Formerly this compound was called "Apigenidinchloride" [1]
  3. ^ Apigeninidin as a leucoderivative in Ephedra frustillata, Alberto A. Gurni and Marcelo L. Wagner, Phytochemistry, Volume 21, Issue 9, 1982, pp. 2428–2429, doi:10.1016/0031-9422(82)85229-1
  4. ^ Antioxidant capacity of a 3-deoxyanthocyanidin from soybean. Boveris AD, Galatro A, Sambrotta L, Ricco R, Gurni AA, Puntarulo S., 2001
  5. ^ Awika, J. M., Rooney, L. W., & Waniska, R. D. (2004). Properties of 3-deoxyanthocyanins from sorghum. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52(14), 4388-4394, http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf049653f
  6. ^ Geera, B., Ojwang, L. O., & Awika, J. M. (2012).New Highly Stable Dimeric 3‐Deoxyanthocyanidin Pigments from Sorghum bicolor Leaf Sheath. Journal of food science, 77(5), C566-C572, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2012.02668.x/full
  7. ^ Anthocyanic Pigments (Burkina Faso) - Phase II