Archduke Felix of Austria

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Archduke Felix
Archduke Felix of Austria.JPG
Spouse Princess & Duchess Anna-Eugénie of Arenberg
Issue Archduchess Maria del Pilar
Archduke Carl Philipp
Archduchess Kinga
Archduke Raimund
Archduchess Myriam
Archduke István
Archduchess Viridis
Full name
Felix Friedrich August Maria vom Siege Franz Joseph Peter Karl Anton Robert Otto Pius Michael Benedikt Sebastian Ignatius Marcus d'Aviano
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Charles I of Austria
Mother Zita of Bourbon-Parma
Born (1916-05-31)31 May 1916
Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna
Died 6 September 2011(2011-09-06) (aged 95)
San Ángel, Mexico[1]
Burial Muri Abbey

Archduke Felix of Austria (given names: Felix Friedrich August Maria vom Siege Franz Joseph Peter Karl Anton Robert Otto Pius Michael Benedikt Sebastian Ignatius Marcus d'Aviano; 31 May 1916 – 6 September 2011) was the last surviving child of the last Austrian Emperor Charles I and a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He was a younger brother of former Crown Prince Otto of Austria, who predeceased Felix by two months.

Early life and exile[edit]

Archduke Felix was born in the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna the third son of the then heir presumptive to the throne of Austria-Hungary the Archduke Charles and his wife Zita of Bourbon-Parma.[2] He was christened at Schönbrunn on 8 June 1916 in the presence of his great-grand uncle Emperor Franz Joseph while his godfather was his great-uncle King Frederick Augustus III of Saxony, brother of his grandmother Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony.[3] On 21 November 1916 the Emperor Franz Joseph died and Felix's father succeeded as the new Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary.

Archduke Felix was less than three years old when Austria-Hungary collapsed following its defeat in the First World War. As a result, republics were declared in the now-separate countries Austria and Hungary which led to exile of the Imperial Family. Originally exiled in Switzerland the Imperial Family were taken to Portuguese island of Madeira in 1921 after Archduke Felix's father's failed attempts to claim the throne in the Kingdom of Hungary from the regent Miklós Horthy. On 1 April 1922 his father Emperor Charles died in Madeira.

In the autumn of 1937 Archduke Felix was permitted to return to Austria, entering the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt. He became the first Habsburg since the abolition of the monarchy to pursue a career as an officer in the Austrian Army.[4] With the Anschluss approaching Archduke Felix, his sister Archduchess Adelheid and Archduke Eugen fled Austria crossing the border to Czechoslovakia.[5][6]

During the Second World War while in the United States, Felix and his brother Carl Ludwig volunteered to serve in the 101st Infantry Battalion known as the "Free Austria Battalion". However the battalion was disbanded when a number of exiled Jewish volunteers who made up the majority of force ultimately declined to confirm their enlistment.[7]

Return to Austria[edit]

Felix, unlike his brother Otto, always refused to renounce his rights to the Austrian throne and membership of the Habsburg family, saying that doing so would violate his human rights. As a result he was banned from entering Austria except for a brief three-day stay in 1989 in order to attend his mother's funeral.[8] On 10 March 1996, after Austria had joined the European Union and the concurrent dropping of staffed border checkpoints between Austria and other EU countries, he crossed into the country from Germany and held a press conference the next day to announce his illegal arrival.[9] After his presence became known, he was warned by the Austrian government that he would face prosecution if he ever tried to enter the country illegally again.[10] Ultimately, a deal was reached between Felix, his brother Carl Ludwig and the Austrian government whereby they declared their allegiance to the republic without any reference being made to their rights to the throne or to their membership in the Imperial Family.[9]

In June 1998, in a joint action with his brother Carl Ludwig, Felix attempted to have the properties which were given to their ancestor Maria Theresa of Austria by her husband Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor restored to them after the properties had been taken from the Habsburg family by Adolf Hitler during the Anschluss.[11]

Felix built up a number of successful businesses in Mexico and Brussels[9] and worked as a marketing consultant.[12]

During his time in exile Archduke Felix lived in Portugal, Belgium, Mexico and the United States.[8] He lived in the colonia of San Ángel in Mexico City where he died 6 September 2011.[13] He was interred in the family crypt in Muri Abbey, near Zurich. The abbey is a favoured burial place of the Habsburg dynasty, and also contains the remains of his wife and the hearts of his parents.[14]

Marriage and children[edit]

Felix was married civilly on 18 November 1952 at Beaulieu, France, and religiously a day later, to Princess and Duchess Anna-Eugénie of Arenberg (1925–1997).[2] They had seven children.

  • Archduchess María del Pilar of Austria (born 1953) married Vollrad-Joachim Edler von Poschinger (born 1952): one son and four daughters, among which Kinga (born 1981) and Maria Franziska (born 1987)
  • Archduke Carl Philipp (Carlos Felipe) of Austria (born 1954) married first (annulled 1997) Martina Donath. Married second Annie-Claire Christine Lacrambe (born 1959): two sons, Julien (born 1994), from his first wife, and Louis-Damien (born 1998), from the second spouse
  • Archduchess Kinga of Austria (born 1955) married in 1985 Baron Wolfgang von Erffa (born 1948): one son and four daughters
  • Archduke Raimund (Ramón) of Austria (1958–2008) married Bettina Götz (born 1969: one son, Felix (born 1996) and two daughters
  • Archduchess Myriam of Austria (born 1959) married in 1983 Jaime Corcuera Acheson (born 1955), a Mexican descendant of the Earls of Gosford: 4 sons
  • Archduke István (Esteban) of Austria (born 1961) married in 1993 Paola de Temesváry (born 1971): two sons, Andreas (born 1994) and Pal (born 1997) and one daughter
  • Archduchess Viridis of Austria (born 1961, twin of Archduke Istvan) married Carl Dunning-Gribble, Lord of Marnhull (born 1961): 4 children, Carl-Léopold (b. 1991), Ferdinand (b. 1992), Maximilian (b. 1996) and Marie-Charlotte (b. 2001).

As they all lived in Mexico, and some still do, they are called by the Spanish equivalent to their names.

Honours and patronages[edit]

Along with his brothers Otto and Rudolf, Archduke Felix was a patron for the revived Almanach de Gotha.[15]

Titles and styles[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kaisersohn Felix Habsburg in Mexiko gestorben - Inland - derStandard.at › Inland
  2. ^ a b c d Lundy, Darryl. "Felix Ferdinand Erzherzog von Österreich". The Peerage. Archived from the original on 9 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-15. 
  3. ^ "Austrian Heir Given only fifteen names". The Day. 17 July 1916. p. 10. 
  4. ^ Lennhoff, Eugene (2007). The Last Five Hours of Austria. p. 258. ISBN 1-4067-2851-9. 
  5. ^ Harding, Bertita (2007). Lost Waltz – A Story of Exile. p. 256. ISBN 1-4067-3206-0. 
  6. ^ "Charge flight from Austria 'Fradulent'". Schenectady Gazette. 30 May 1938. p. 1. 
  7. ^ Brook-Shepherd, Gordon (2003). Uncrowned Emperor. Hambledon Continuum. p. 156. ISBN 1-85285-439-1. 
  8. ^ a b Bridge, Adrian (1996-03-12). "Habsburg seeks right to return". The Independent (UK). Retrieved 2008-02-15. [dead link]
  9. ^ a b c Gedye, Robin (1996-04-15). "Austria to end law barring Habsburgs from family home". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2008-02-15. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Habsburg row shakes Austria". The Independent (UK). 1996-03-14. Retrieved 2008-02-15. [dead link]
  11. ^ Gimson, Andrew (1998-06-01). "Habsburgs seek property 'taken by Nazis'". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2008-02-15. [dead link]
  12. ^ James, Barry (1996-03-12). "Son of Last Kaiser Meets Vienna Press : A Habsburg Defies Exile From Austria". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2008-02-15. [dead link]
  13. ^ Félix de Hapsburgo - El Mañana - Opinión
  14. ^ Felix von Habsburg wird am Samstag in Klosterkiche Muri beerdigt - Freiamt - Aargau - Aargauer Zeitung
  15. ^ "Comité de Patronage". Almanach de Gotha. Archived from the original on 2006-02-11. Retrieved 2008-08-09.