Arcis-sur-Aube

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Arcis-sur-Aube
Bridge over the Aube at Arcis-sur-Aube
Bridge over the Aube at Arcis-sur-Aube
Coat of arms of Arcis-sur-Aube
Coat of arms
Arcis-sur-Aube is located in France
Arcis-sur-Aube
Arcis-sur-Aube
Coordinates: 48°32′05″N 4°08′23″E / 48.5347°N 4.1397°E / 48.5347; 4.1397Coordinates: 48°32′05″N 4°08′23″E / 48.5347°N 4.1397°E / 48.5347; 4.1397
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Aube
Arrondissement Troyes
Canton Arcis-sur-Aube
Intercommunality Arcis-sur-Aube
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Serge Lardin
Area1 9.49 km2 (3.66 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 3,015
 • Density 320/km2 (820/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 10006 / 10700

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arcis-sur-Aube is a French commune in the Aube department in the Champagne-Ardenne region of north-central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arcisiens or Arcisiennes[1]

The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[2]

Geography[edit]

Arcis-sur-Aube is located some 27 km north of Troyes and 40 km east of Romilly-sur-Seine. Access to the commune is by the D441 road from Villette-sur-Aube in the west passing through the commune and the town and continuing to Vaupoisson. The D677 also comes from Mailly-le-Camp in the north intersecting the D441 in the town and continuing south to Voué. The D31 also goes south-west from the town to Les Grandes-Chapelles. The D10 road comes from Allibaudières in the north-west and passes through the north-west of the commune joining the D441 west of the town. A railway passes through the west of the commune from north to south with a station west of the town. The Aube river marks the northern boundary of the town flowing west but the commune covers both left and right banks of the river. The D677 passes over the river on a bridge.

The right bank and a small portion of the left bank of the Aube consists of forest and farmland. The urban area of the town extends south from the left bank and occupies about a quarter of the land area. The south of the commune is entirely farmland.[3]

Transport Access[edit]

Road access
Public transport
  • Coach:
    • Regular route No. 7: Troyes (bus station) ⇒ ⇒ Arcis Mailly and vice versa. The stop is located in front of the hall (schedules available on the Procars website). Route 7 is operated by the company Procars Champagne and managed by the General Council of Aube.
    • Regular route No. 5: TransChampagneArdenne Troyes ⇒ Chalons-en-Champagne ⇒ Reims ⇒ Charleville-Mézières and vice versa. The stop is located at Rue de Chalons (schedules available on the Stdmarne website). Route 5 is operated by the Departmental Transportation Services of the Marne.
  • Train:
  • Air:

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

History[edit]

In this small painting commissioned by the subject's nephew, Prince Napoleon, the emperor is portrayed in a forbidding landscape just after his last, hard-won victory in the 1814 French campaign that was fought at Arcis-sur-Aube: 23,000 French troops withstood the onslaught of 90,000 Austrians, but were unable to capitalize on their victory.
  • Saint Victor was a hermit and confessor at Arcis-sur-Aube in the 6th century.
  • Around the same period a local coinage called Leudericus and Daovaldus was produced.
  • In 1546, François I authorized the construction of walls around the city.[4]
  • Arcis has been the scene of the Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube, a bloody battle fought by Napoleon I on 1 March 1814 against the Austro-Russians: part of the city was burned. To commemorate the participation of Cossacks from the Russian army a city in Ukraine (Artsyz) and a village in the southern Urals (Arsinski or Арсинский) bear this name.
  • From 1790 to 1795 Arcis was the chief town of the arrondissement of Arcis-sur-Aube which was composed of 11 cantons and 89 communes.
  • During the creation of arrondissements in 1800 Arcis became the capital of one of them but this was abolished in 1926. The cantons of Arcis-sur-Aube and Ramerupt are attached to the Arrondissement of Troyes; the Canton of Méry-sur-Seine was attached to the Arrondissement of Nogent-sur-Seine, and the Canton of Chavanges was attached to the Arrondissement of Bar-sur-Aube. This was effective from 1801: 4 cantons and 93 communes.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Arcis-sur-Aube
Blazon:

Azure, 6 roundels Argent posed 3-2-1, in chief Or, bordure in Gules.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[5]

From To Name Party Position
1857 Romulus Ludot
2001 2020 Serge Lardin UMP Former General Councillor

(Not all data is known)

Twinning[edit]

Arcis-sur-Aube has twinning associations with:[6]

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 3,015 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
2,810 2,545 2,704 2,442 2,673 2,752 2,792 2,714 2,652
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
2,770 2,815 2,784 2,845 2,817 2,928 2,922 2,841 2,804
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
2,774 2,833 3,033 2,690 2,802 2,727 2,455 2,176 2,617
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
2,856 3,213 3,390 3,216 2,855 2,841 2,993 3,015 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arcis-sur-Aube

Economy[edit]

Besides many big farms producing all sorts of cereals, the sugar industry has a big plant there: Cristal Union

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Savouré Factory at 47 rue des Anciens fossés (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • The Town Hall at Place des Héros (formerly a Chateau) (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • The former Chigot et cie Factory at 21 Rue Jean Jaurès (1908)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • The former Jules Bourgeois Factory at 21 Rue Jean Jaurès (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • The Gérard Fortier Factory at 44 Rue de Troyes (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-Étienne in 2007.

The Church of Saint-Étienne (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[12] It was bombed in June 1940 and then restored. It houses two pentagonal chapels and a flamboyant portal.[13] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

Arcis-sur-Aube Picture Gallery[edit]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

The statue of Danton in 2007
  • Georges Jacques Danton, was born 26 October 1759 in Arcis-sur-Aube to a respectable though not wealthy family. He was given a good education, and he was launched in the career of an advocate at the Paris bar. He became a French revolutionary and died on the guillotine in Paris on 5 April 1794.
  • Pierre Arnauld de La Briffe (6 May 1772, Paris - 11 September 1839, Arcis-sur-Aube), Lord of Arcis-sur-Aube before the French Revolution, military man and French politician in the 19th century.
  • Hugues-Iéna Darcy (29 October 1807, Arcis-sur-Aube - 4 June 1880, Corcelles-les-Monts) high French official of the 19th century

In Literature[edit]

Honoré de Balzac made Arcis-sur-Aube part of his novel Le Député d'Arcis (The Member for Arcis), left unfinished at his death and completed by Charles Rabbou. Arcis-sur-Aube was also the place of action in Une ténébreuse affaire (A murky affair) written in 1844.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Aube (French)
  2. ^ Arcis-sur-Aube in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom (French)
  3. ^ a b Google Maps
  4. ^ Fernand Braudel, Civilisation - Material, Economy and Capitalism from the 15th to the 18th centuries Vol. 1: The structures of daily life, Ed. Le livre de poche, Paris, 1979, page 550: "Arcis-sur-Aube [...] authorised by François I, in 1546, to encircle by ramparts" (French)
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France
  6. ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000046 Savouré Factory (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078017 Town Hall (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000045 Chigot et cie Factory (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000047 Jules Bourgeois Factory (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000048 Gérard Fortier Factory (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078018 Church of Saint-Étienne (French)Camera aabb.svg
  13. ^ Marguerite Beau: Essay on the religious architecture of southern Champagne from Aube including Troyes, 1991 (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10001691 Statue: Virgin and child (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10000030 Life of the Virgin, Life of Christ IM10012929 Transparent (20th century) IM10012928 Life of the Virgin IM10012927 Transparent IM10012926 Life of Saint Nicolas IM10012925 Life of Saint Peter IM10012924 Life of Saints Crespin and Crépinien IM10001143 History of Noé (bay 13) IM10001142 Life of the Virgin (bay 12) IM10001141 Figures (bay 11) IM10001140 Children of Christ (bay 8) IM10001139 Life of Saint Nicolas (bay 7) IM10001138 Life of Saints Crépin and Crépinien (bay 3) IM10001137 Legend of Saint Peter (bay 1) (French)Camera aabb.svg
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012837 2 Pre-dieu (French)Camera aabb.svg
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012836 Ciborium IM10012833 Ciborium IM10012832 Ciborium IM10012831 Ciborium (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012835 Paten (French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012834 Chalice (French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012830 Credence table (French)Camera aabb.svg
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012849 Furniture in the Church (French)Camera aabb.svg