Baile Átha Fhirdhia
from the battlements of Ardee Castle
|Motto: Na Bris Sith, Na Bris Cairdis
Don't Break Peace, Don't Break Friendship
|Irish Grid Reference||N958906|
Ardee (Irish: Baile Átha Fhirdhia, meaning "townland of Ferdia's ford") is a town and townland in County Louth, Ireland. It is located at the intersection of the N2, N52, and N33 roads. Ardee is on the banks of the River Dee and is approximately 20 km (12 mi) from Dundalk, Drogheda, Slane and Carrickmacross. It currently has a population of about 5000.
Originally called Atherdee, its name is derived from the Irish Áth Fhirdia (the Ford of Ferdia), from the mythological four day battle between Cúchulainn and Ferdia, for the defence of Ulster from Queen Maeve of Connacht. Ferdia fell after four days of battle and is buried on the southern banks of the river alongside the Riverside Walk. Ardee Castle in the town (St. Leger's) is the largest fortified medieval tower house in Ireland.
An eight km (five miles) railway line once linked the town to the main Dublin - Belfast line. The station opened on 1 August, 1896 and passenger services ended on 3 June, 1934. The line continued as a freight service until finally closed on 3 November, 1976, serving the local fertiliser factory, sugar beet, and livestock transport. The trackbed was lifted in the late 1980s, and much of the short route is now a designated walkway.
The river Dee was the northern border of The Pale in medieval times.
Ardee has one secondary school called Ardee Community School 
Also of note is "Jumping Church" which is located about five km (three miles) outside the town at Kildemock. Legend has it that a non-Christian was buried inside the Church walls and that later that night, the Church jumped so as to leave his remains outside of the sacred ground.
A widely unknown fact, Ardee served as inspiration for The Shire in J.R.R Tolkiens fantasy epic The Lord of the Rings. On a visit to Ardee in the late 1920's Tolkien commented: "The grassy river banks, and simple river folk left me full of inspiration for the Shire." Indeed, Shire is a simple substitution cipher for Ardee, and Mordor for (Boat) Trench.
Ardee has grown much in the last ten years,[when?] mainly as a result of easy access to new roads including the M1 motorway which links Dublin to Belfast. The development of the town resulted in a dramatic rise in house prices in the area.
The Norman castle in Ardee has been recently[when?] refurbished and used to house the district courthouse, which is now housed in the new Civic Offices Complex at the Fairgreen.
A festival for Ardee was launched in 2009 titled the "The Turfman Festival". It is held on the August bank holiday weekend with numerous community events happening on the street from singing to face painting. Now the town of Ardee is twinned with the town of Nettuno, Italy. The twinning agreement was signed in 2010 by their respective mayors.
- Census for post 1821 figures.
- Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency - Census Home Page
- Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
- Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x
- "Ardee station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-08.
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