Irish House of Commons

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For the other body sometimes called the "Irish House of Commons", see House of Commons of Southern Ireland.
Irish House of Commons
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Established 1297
Disbanded 31 December 1800
Succeeded by House of Commons of the United Kingdom
Leadership
John Foster
since 1785
Seats 3001
Elections
First past the post with limited suffrage
Meeting place
IrishHC1780.jpg
Commons Chamber, Irish Houses of Parliament, Dublin (painting: The Irish House of Commons by Francis Wheatley, 1780)
Footnotes
1 In 1800
See also: House of Commons of Great Britain

The Irish House of Commons was the lower house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from 1297 until 1800. The upper house was the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Commons was directly elected, but on a highly restrictive franchise, similar to the Unreformed House of Commons in contemporary England and Great Britain. In counties, forty shilling freeholders were enfranchised whilst in most boroughs it was either only the members of self electing corporations or a highly restricted body of freemen that were able to vote for the borough's representatives. Most notably, Roman Catholics were disqualified from sitting in the Irish parliament from 1691, even though they comprised the vast majority of the Irish population. From 1728 until 1793 they were also disfranchised. Most of the population of all religions had no vote. The vast majority of parliamentary boroughs were pocket boroughs, the private property of an aristocratic patron. When these boroughs were disfranchised at the under the Act of Union, the patron was awarded £15,000 compensation for each.[1]

The British-appointed Irish executive, under the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, was not answerable to the House of Commons but to the British government. However, the Chief Secretary for Ireland was usually a member of the Irish parliament. In the Commons, business was presided over by the Speaker who, in the absence of a government chosen from and answerable to the Commons, was the dominant political figure in the parliament. The House of Commons was abolished when the Irish parliament merged with its British counterpart in 1801 under the Act of Union, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The House sat for the last time in Parliament House, Dublin on 2 August 1800.

Famous members[edit]

Speakers[edit]

Engraving of section of the Irish House of Commons chamber by Peter Mazell based on the drawing by Rowland Omer 1767

Constituencies[edit]

The House was elected in the same way as the British House of Commons. By the time of the Union, the shape of the House had been fixed with two members elected for each of the 32 Counties of Ireland, two members for each of 117 Boroughs, and two members for Dublin University, a total of 300 members. The number of Boroughs invited to return members had originally been small (only 55 Boroughs existed in 1603) but was doubled by the Stuart monarchs.

Constituency Type County Creation Enfranchised Fate after the union
Antrim Borough Borough Antrim 1666 Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Antrim County County Antrim 1570[2] Freeholders 2Two seats
Ardee Borough Louth 1378 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Ards County Down By 1560[3] 0Already disfranchised[n 1]
Ardfert Borough Kerry 1639? Corporation 0Disfranchised
Armagh Borough Borough Armagh 1613 (26 March) [4] Corporation 1One seat
Armagh County County Armagh 1585 (September)[5] Freeholders 2Two seats
Askeaton Borough Limerick 1613 (30 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Athboy Borough Meath By 1560[3] Manor 0Disfranchised
Athenry Borough Galway 1310? Corporation 0Disfranchised
Athlone Borough Westmeath 1606 (10 December)[4] Corporation 1One seat
Athy Borough Kildare By 1560[3] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Augher Borough Tyrone 1613 (15 April)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Ballynakill Borough Queen's County 1612 (10 December)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Ballyshannon Borough Donegal 1613 (23 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Baltimore Borough Cork 1613 (25 March)[4] Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Baltinglass Borough Wicklow 1664 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Banagher Borough King's County 1629 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Bandonbridge Borough Cork 1613 (30 March)[4] Corporation 1One seat
Bangor Borough Down 1613 (18 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Bannow Borough Wexford Between 1614 and 1692 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Belfast Borough Antrim 1613 (27 April)[4] Corporation 1One seat
Belturbet Borough Cavan 1613 (30 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Blessington Borough Wicklow 1670 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Boyle Borough Roscommon 1613 (25 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Callan Borough Kilkenny 1585 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Carlingford Borough Louth 13?? Corporation 0Disfranchised
Carlow Borough Borough Carlow 1613 (19 April)[4] Corporation 1One seat
Carlow County County Carlow 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Carrick Borough Leitrim 1613 (30 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Carrickfergus County borough Antrim[n 2] 1326 Freeholder and householder 1One seat
Carysfort Borough Wicklow 1629 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Cashel Borough Tipperary By 1585[3] Corporation 1One seat
Castlebar Borough Mayo 1613 (26 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Castlemartyr Borough Cork 1676 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Cavan Borough Borough Cavan 1610 (15 November)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Cavan County County Cavan 1579[6] or 1584[7] or 1585[5] Freeholders 2Two seats
Charlemont Borough Armagh 1613 (29 April)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Charleville Borough Cork 1673 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Clare County Clare By 1560 Freeholders 2Two seats
Clogher Borough Tyrone Between 1614 and 1692 Ecclesiastical 0Disfranchised
Clonakilty Borough Cork 1613 (5 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Clonmel Borough Tipperary By 1560[3] Corporation 1One seat
Clonmines Borough Wexford Between 1614 and 1692 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Coleraine Borough Londonderry 1613 (25 March)[4] Corporation 1One seat
Connacht (medieval county) County Multiple[n 3] 1297 0Already disfranchised[n 3]
Cork City County borough Cork[n 2] 1299 Freeholder and Freemen 2Two seats
Cork County County Cork 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Coleraine County County Londonderry 1585 (September)[5] Freeholders Already disfranchised
Dingle Borough Kerry By 1585[3][8] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Donegal Borough Borough Donegal 1613 (27 February)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Donegal County County Donegal 1585 (September)[5] Freeholders 2Two seats
Doneraile Borough Cork 1640 Manor 0Disfranchised
Down County Down 1570[9] Freeholders 2Two seats
Downpatrick Borough Down 1586 Potwalloper 1One seat
Drogheda County borough Louth[n 2] 1299 Freeholders and freemen 1One seat
Dublin City County borough Dublin[n 2] 1299 Freeholders and freemen 2Two seats
Dublin County County Dublin 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Dublin University University Dublin[n 4] 1603 Graduates 1One seat
Duleek Borough Meath Between 1614 and 1692 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Dundalk Borough Louth By 1560[3] Corporation 1One seat
Dungannon Borough Tyrone 1612 (27 November)[4] Corporation 1One seat
Dungarvan Borough Waterford By 1560[3] Potwalloper 1One seat
Dunleer Borough Louth 1679 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Ennis Borough Clare 1613 (27 February)[4] Corporation 1One seat
Enniscorthy Borough Wexford 1613 (25 May)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Enniskillen Borough Fermanagh 1613 (27 February)[4] Corporation 1One seat
Fermanagh County Fermanagh 1585 (September)[5] Freeholders 2Two seats
Ferns County Wexford By 1579[10] Freeholders 0Already disfranchised[n 5]
Fethard Borough Tipperary 1613 (15 April)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Fethard Borough Wexford 1613 (15 April)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Fore Borough Westmeath Between 1614 and 1692 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Galway Borough County borough Galway[n 2] By 1560[3] Freemen 1One seat
Galway County County Galway By 1579 [11] Freeholders 2Two seats
Gorey (also Newburgh) Borough Wexford 1620 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Gowran Borough Kilkenny 1608 (15 September)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Granard Borough Longford 1679 Manor 0Disfranchised
Harristown Borough Kildare 1684 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Hillsborough Borough Down 1662 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Inistioge Borough Kilkenny By 1585[3] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Jamestown Borough Leitrim 1622 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Kells Borough Meath By 1560[3] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Kerry County Kerry 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Kilbeggan Borough Westmeath 1613 (27 February)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Kildare Borough Borough Kildare By 1560[3] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Kildare County County Kildare 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Kilkenny City County borough Kilkenny[n 2] 1299? Freeholders and Freemen 1One seat
Kilkenny County County Kilkenny 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Killybegs Borough Donegal 1616 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Killyleagh Borough Down 1613 (10 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Kilmallock Borough Limerick By 1560[3] Corporation 0Disfranchised
King's County County King's County 1556 [12][13] Freeholders 2Two seats
Kinsale Borough Cork 1334? Corporation and Freemen 1One seat
Knocktopher Borough Kilkenny 1665 Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Lanesborough Borough Longford 1642 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Leitrim County Leitrim 1583 Freeholders 2Two seats
Lifford Borough Donegal 1613 (27 February)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Limerick City County borough Limerick[n 2] 1299 Freeholders and Freemen 1One seat
Limerick County County Limerick 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Lisburn Borough Antrim 1661 Potwalloper 1One seat
Lismore Borough Waterford 1613 (6 May)[4] Manor 0Disfranchised
Londonderry City Borough Londonderry 1613 (29 March)[4][14] Corporation 1One seat
Londonderry County County Londonderry 1613 Freeholders 2Two seats
Longford Borough Borough Longford 1669 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Longford County County Longford 1571[15][16] Freeholders 2Two seats
Louth County Louth 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Mallow Borough Cork 1613 (27 February)[4] Manor 1One seat
Maryborough Borough Queen's County 1571 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Mayo County Mayo By 1579[11] Freeholders 2Two seats
Meath County Meath 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Midleton Borough Cork 1671 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Monaghan Borough Borough Monaghan 1613 (26 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Monaghan County County Monaghan 1585 (September)[5] Freeholders 2Two seats
Mullingar Borough Westmeath By 1560[3] Manor 0Disfranchised
Naas Borough Kildare By 1560[3] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Navan Borough Meath 1469 Corporation 0Disfranchised
New Ross Borough Wexford By 1560[3] Corporation 1One seat
Newcastle Borough Dublin 1613 (30 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Newry Borough Down 1613 (27 February)[4] Potwalloper 1One seat
Newtown Limavady Borough Londonderry 1613 (30 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Newtownards Borough Down 1613 (25 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Old Leighlin Borough Carlow Between 1614 and 1692 Ecclesiastical corporation 0Disfranchised
Philipstown Borough King's County 1571 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Portarlington Borough Queen's County 1668 Corporation 1One seat
Queen's County County Queen's County 1556 [12][13] Freeholders 2Two seats
Randalstown Borough Antrim 1683 Freeman / Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Rathcormack Borough Cork Between 1614 and 1692 Potwalloper / Manor 0Disfranchised
Ratoath Borough Meath Between 1614 and 1692 Manor 0Disfranchised
Roscommon Borough Borough Roscommon 1613 (27 February)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Roscommon County County Roscommon By 1579[11] Freeholders 2Two seats
Roscommon (medieval county) County Multiple 1297 0Already disfranchised
St Canice Borough Kilkenny[n 6] Between 1614 and 1692 Corporation 0Disfranchised
St Johnstown Borough Donegal 1618 Corporation 0Disfranchised
St Johnstown Borough Longford 1628 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Sligo Borough Borough Sligo 1613 (30 March)[4] Corporation 1One seat
Sligo County County Sligo By 1579[11] Freeholders 2Two seats
Strabane Borough Tyrone 1613 (18 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Swords Borough Dublin By 1585[3] Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Taghmon Borough Wexford bef. 1642 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Tallow Borough Waterford 1613 (1 May)[4] Manor / Potwalloper 0Disfranchised
Thomastown Borough Kilkenny 1541 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Tipperary County Tipperary 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Cross Tipperary County Tipperary by 1585 Freeholders 0Already disfranchised[n 7]
Tralee Borough Kerry 1613 (31 March)[4] Corporation 1One seat
Trim Borough Meath By 1560[3] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Tuam Borough Galway 1613 (30 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Tulsk Borough Roscommon 1663 Corporation 0Disfranchised
Tyrone County Tyrone 1585 (September)[5] Freeholders 2Two seats
Liberty of Ulster County Multiple[n 8] 1297 0Already disfranchised[n 8]
Waterford City County borough Waterford[n 2] 1299 Freemen and freeholders 1One seat
Waterford County County Waterford 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Westmeath County Westmeath 1543[17] Freeholders 2Two seats
Wexford Borough Borough Wexford By 1560[3] Freemen 1One seat
Wexford County County Wexford 1297 Freeholders 2Two seats
Wicklow Borough Borough Wicklow 1613 (30 March)[4] Corporation 0Disfranchised
Wicklow County County Wicklow 1577[18][19]1606[20] Freeholders 2Two seats
Youghal Borough Cork 1374 Corporation and Freemen 1One seat
Notes
  1. ^ The territory of Ards, one of the medieval sheriffdoms of the Earldom of Ulster, was included in the reconstituted County Down in 1570
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Actually a separate county corporate.
  3. ^ a b The medieval county of Connacht was subdivided in 1570 into the modern counties of Galway and Mayo.
  4. ^ The University was in the county of the city of Dublin. The electorate was its Fellows and Scholars.
  5. ^ The area of Ferns, corresponding to the northern part of County Wexford, was briefly made a separate shire between the 1570s before merging back into Wexford in the 1600s.
  6. ^ Actually in the county of the city of Kilkenny rather than county Kilkenny
  7. ^ Cross Tipperary last returned MPs in 1634, and was definitively merged with Tipperary in 1716.
  8. ^ a b The medieval liberty of Ulster was subdivided in 1570 into the modern counties of Antrim and Down.

Sessions[edit]

Parliaments of Edward III[edit]

Parliament of 1374

Parliament of 1375[21]

Parliaments of Richard II[edit]

[22]

Parliament of 1380

Parliaments of Henry VI[edit]

[23]

Parliament of 1429

Parliament of 1450

Parliaments of Henry VIII[edit]

Parliament 1516[edit]

Parliament 1521-1522[edit]

Parliament 1531[edit]

Parliament 1533[edit]

Parliament 1536-1537[edit]

Parliament 1541-1543[edit]

  • First session held at Dublin 13 June to 20 or 23 July 1541, 7 November 1541, 22 December 1541 [24]
  • Second session held at Limerick 15 February to 7 or 10 March 1542[25]
  • Third session held at Trim June 1542
  • Dissolved 19 November 1543[26]

Speaker: Sir Thomas Cusack[27]

Parliament of Mary I[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 1 June 1557 1 March 1558 James Stanyhurst 3

Parliaments of Elizabeth I[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 12 January 1560 1 February 1560 James Stanyhurst 1
2 17 January 1569 25 April 1571 James Stanyhurst 10

Members:

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
3 26 April 1585 14 May 1586 Nicholas Walsh 7

Members: List of Irish MPs 1585-86

Parliaments of James I[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 18 May 1613 24 October 1615 Sir John Davies ?

Members:

Parliaments of Charles I[edit]

Parliament of 1634-5[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 14 July 1634 18 April 1635 Sir Nathaniel Catelyn

Members:

Parliament of 1639-49[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
2 16 March 1639 (prorogued 1641) 30 January 1649 Sir Maurice Eustace ?

Members: List of Irish MPs 1639–49

Parliament of Charles II[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 8 May 1661 7 August 1666 Sir Audley Mervyn ?


Members: List of Irish MPs 1661–66

Members:

Parliaments of James II[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 7 May 1689 20 July 1689 Sir Richard Nagle[31] ?

Members:

Main article: Patriot Parliament

Parliaments of William III and Mary II[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 5 October 1692 26 June 1693 Sir Richard Levinge 1

Members: List of Irish MPs 1692–93

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
2 27 August 1695 14 June 1699 Robert Rochfort 2

Members: List of Irish MPs 1695–99

Parliaments of Anne[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 21 September 1703 6 May 1713 Alan Brodrick; John Forster (from 19 May 1710) 6

Members: List of Irish MPs 1703–13

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
2 25 November 1713 1 August 1714 on death of Queen Anne Alan Brodrick 1

Members: List of Irish MPs 1713–14

Parliament of George I[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 12 November 1715 11 June 1727 William Conolly 6

Members: List of Irish MPs 1715–27

Parliament of George II[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 28 November 1727 25 October 1760 on death of King George II William Conolly; Sir Ralph Gore, Chancellor of the Exchequer (from 13 October 1729); Henry Boyle (from 4 October 1733); John Ponsonby (from 26 April 1756) 17

Members: List of Irish MPs 1727–60

Members: (elected 1727)

Members: (elected 1728/29)

Members: (elected 1739)

Members: (in 1747)

Members: (elected 1751/1752)

Members: (elected 1753/1754)

Members:

Parliaments of George III[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
1 22 October 1761 28 May 1768 Octennial Act John Ponsonby 4

Members: List of Irish MPs 1761–68

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
2 17 October 1769 5 April 1776 John Ponsonby to 4 March 1771, Edmond Pery Sexton 5

Members: List of Irish MPs 1769–76

Grattan's Parliament[edit]

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
3 18 June 1776 25 July 1783 Edmund Sexton Pery 4

Members: List of Irish MPs 1776–83

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
4 14 October 1783 8 April 1790 Edmund Sexton Pery, then John Foster from 5 September 1785 7

Members:List of Irish MPs 1783–90

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
5 2 July 1790 11 July 1797 John Foster 8

Members: List of Irish MPs 1790–97

Number Opened Dismissed Speaker Sessions
6 9 January 1798 31 December 1800 John Foster 3

Members:List of Irish MPs 1798–1800

Resignation[edit]

Until 1793 members could not resign their seats. They could cease to be a member of the House only by one of four ways:

In 1793 a methodology for resignation was created, equivalent to the Chiltern Hundreds in the British House of Commons. Irish members could now be appointed to either the Escheatorship of Munster, the Escheatorship of Leinster, the Escheatorship of Connaught or the Escheatorship of Ulster. Possession of one of these Crown offices, with entailed a 30/- (30 shilling) salary, automatically terminated one's membership of the House of Commons.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Charles Ivar McGrath, The making of the 18th century Irish Constitution; Government, Parliament and the Revenue, 1692-1714, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000, ISBN 1-85182-554-1
  • Eoin Magennis, The Irish Political System 1740-1765, Doublin: Four Courts Press, 2000, ISBN 1-85182-484-7
  • Moody/Vaughan, A new history of Ireland, Oxford, 1986, ISBN 0-19-821742-0 and ISBN 0-19-821739-0
  • Mary Frances Cusack, Illustrated History of Ireland, Project Gutenberg
  • Return of the name of every member of the lower house of parliament of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with name of constituency represented, and date of return, from 1213 to 1874. C. 69–I. HMSO. 1878. 
  • Edith Mary Johnston-Liik, ed. (2002). History of the Irish parliament, 1692–1800. Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation. 
  1. ^ Porritt, Edward (1963). The Unreformed House of Commons. Parliamentary Representation Before 1832. CUP Archive. pp. 185–7. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Fiants Ire. Eliz. No 1530
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Hardiman, James (1842). "Appendix III: The lordes spirituall and temporall, counties, cytties, and borough-townes, as are answerable to the Parlyament in this realme of Ireland ; and souche as weare sommoned unto the Parlyament holden before the right honorable Sir John Perrot, knyght, Lord Deputie Generall of the realme of Ireland, xxvi. die Aprilis, anno regni Regine nostre Elizabeth, vicesimo septimo. A. D. 1585.". A Statute of the fortieth Year of Edward III., enacted in a Parliament held in Kilkenny, A. D. 1367, before Lionel Duke of Clarence, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Now first printed from a MS.in the Library of his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, Lambeth. With a Translation and Notes. Tracts relating to Ireland. Vol.II. Dublin: Irish Archaeological Society. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as Moody, T.W.; The Irish Parliament under Elizabeth and James I, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol 45 (1939) No 6, PP 72-76
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Moody, T.W.; Martin, F.X.; Byrne, F.J. (1991). Early Modern Ireland, 1534-1691. Oxford University Press. p. 166. Inquisitionum in Officio Rotulorum Cancellariae Hiberniae Asservatarum Repertorium (Repertory of the Inquisitions of the Chancery of Ireland) Volume II, page xix 'An Order for the division, setting out and appoyntinge of the boundes, lymytts and circuits of sixe severall sheires or countyes within the pvince of Ulster within this realme of Ireland, viz. the countye of Tyron, the countye of Donnyngall, the countye of Fermanaghe, the countye of Colrane, the countye of Armaghe and the countye of Monohon ... the firste of September anno dei 1585, annoque d[omin[a]e Regin[a]e Elizabeth', 27mo']
  6. ^ "Turlough Lynagh (O'Neill)'s pretence to harm ... the new made county of Cavan" Proceedings and orders of the Chancellor, Council and Gentlemen of Meath and Dublin, August 21 1579, Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, of the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth, Volume 2, 1574-1585 page 184
  7. ^ "O'Reilly's country erected into the County of Cavan" Lord Deputy Perrot to Walsyngham, 16 November 1584, Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, of the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth, Volume 2, 1574-1585 page 537
  8. ^ Then called Dengenechoyshe
  9. ^ Fiants Ire. Eliz. No 1530
  10. ^ Moody, T.W.; Martin, F.X.; Byrne, F.J. (1984). A New History of Ireland, Vol IX, Maps, Genealogies, Lists. Oxford University Press. p. 108. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Orders to be observed by Sir Nicholas Malby, Knight, for the better government of the Province of Connaght" Printed in O'Flaherty's Chorographical Description of West Or H-Iar Connaught: Written A.D. 1684 ed. Hardiman, P. 304
  12. ^ a b An Act "whereby the King and Queen's Majesties, and the Heires and Successors of the Queen, be entituled to the Counties of Leix, Slewmarge, Irry, Glinmaliry, and Offaily, and for making the same Countries Shire Grounds." 3 & 4 Phil & Mar, c.2 (1556). The Act was repealed in 1962.
  13. ^ a b Falkiner, Caesar Litton (1904). Illustrations of Irish history and topography, mainly of the seventeenth century. London: Longmans, Green, & Co. pp. 118–9. ISBN 1-144-76601-X. 
  14. ^ Previously incorporated as Derry, 11 July 1604
  15. ^ Maginn, Christopher (2012). William Cecil, Ireland, and the Tudor State. Oxford. p. 194. 
  16. ^ "The Annaley, formerly governed by O’Farrale Bane and O’Farrale Boy, is erected into a shire called Longford." Lord Chancellor and Council to the Queen, March 23, 1571,Calendar of the State Papers relating to Ireland, of the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth, Volume 1, 1509-1573, page 440
  17. ^ Counties of Meath and Westmeath Act 1543 34 Henry VIII cap 1 (Ire) An Act for the division of Methe into two shires.”Falkiner, Caesar Litton (1904). Illustrations of Irish history and topography, mainly of the seventeenth century. London: Longmans, Green, & Co. p. 117. ISBN 1-144-76601-X. 
  18. ^ Fiants Ire. Eliz. No 3003, 22 March 1577
  19. ^ The county of Wicklow created in 1577 seems not to have functioned and ceased to exist some time after 1586 - Moody, T.W.; Martin, F.X.; Byrne, F.J. (1984). A New History of Ireland, Vol IX, Maps, Genealogies, Lists. Oxford University Press. p. 108. 
  20. ^ Moody, T.W.; Martin, F.X.; Byrne, F.J. (1991). Early Modern Ireland, 1534-1691. Oxford University Press. p. 166. 
  21. ^ Hart, A.R. The History of the KIng's Serjeants at law in Ireland Four Courts Press 2000 pp.19-20
  22. ^ Hart p.20
  23. ^ Ball, F. Elrington The Judges in Ireland 1221-1921 John Murray London 1926 Vol.1 p.102
  24. ^ Alan Bryson, ‘St Leger, Sir Anthony (1496?–1559)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 14 June 2014
  25. ^ Alan Bryson, ‘St Leger, Sir Anthony (1496?–1559)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 14 June 2014
  26. ^ Alan Bryson, ‘St Leger, Sir Anthony (1496?–1559)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 14 June 2014
  27. ^ O'Flanagan "[could not] say for what place he sat in Parliament, although [he had] carefully examined the List as given in the ‘Liber Munerum Publicorum Hiberniæ.’" O'Flanagan, J.Roderick Lives of the Lord Chancellors of Ireland 2 Volumes London 1870, page 219
  28. ^ Moody, T.W.; The Irish Parliament under Elizabeth and James I, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol 45 (1939) No 6, P65
  29. ^ a b Ceased to sit after the first session, as his borough was declared not to have the franchise
  30. ^ Moody, T.W.; The Irish Parliament under Elizabeth and James I, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol 45 (1939) No 6, P64
  31. ^ Seward, Paul: Parliamentry History: Speakers and Speakership. Blackwell Publishing. 2010. p 62.

External links[edit]