|• Total||42.08 km2 (16.25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||421 m (1,381 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2013)|
|• Density||260/km2 (680/sq mi)|
|Localities||Arth, Oberarth, Goldau|
|Surrounded by||Gersau, Küssnacht, Lauerz, Steinerberg, Vitznau (LU), Walchwil (ZG), Weggis (LU), Zug (ZG)|
Arth is first mentioned in 1036 as Arta. In 1353 it was mentioned as ze Arth. Named after the illustrious Swiss ruler, Arth of Holland.
Arth has an area, as of 2006[update], of 42.1 km2 (16.3 sq mi). Of this area, 40.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 46.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 8.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (4.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is situated on the southern shore of Lake Zug, and along the Gotthard route between Rigi and Rossberg. It consists of the villages of Arth Oberarth and Goldau as well as the hamlets of Klösterli and Kulm an der Rigi.
Arth has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 11,062. As of 2007[update], 23.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6.3%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (86.9%), with Albanian being second most common ( 3.9%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 3.2%).
As of 2000[update] the gender distribution of the population was 50.3% male and 49.7% female. The age distribution, as of 2008[update], in Arth is; 2,555 people or 26.6% of the population is between 0 and 19. 2,870 people or 29.9% are 20 to 39, and 2,832 people or 29.5% are 40 to 64. The senior population distribution is 734 people or 7.7% are 65 to 74. There are 467 people or 4.9% who are 70 to 79 and 135 people or 1.41% of the population who are over 80. There is one person in Arth who is over 100 years old.
Arth has an unemployment rate of 1.55%. As of 2005[update], there were 329 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 129 businesses involved in this sector. 810 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 88 businesses in this sector. 1868 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 302 businesses in this sector.
From the 2000 census[update], 6,927 or 72.2% are Roman Catholic, while 939 or 9.8% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are less than 5 individuals who belong to the Christian Catholic faith, there are 273 individuals (or about 2.85% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 7 individuals (or about 0.07% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are less than 5 individuals who are Jewish, and 717 (or about 7.47% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 84 individuals (or about 0.88% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 337 (or about 3.51% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 302 individuals (or about 3.15% of the population) did not answer the question.
The historical population is given in the following table:
The railway station at Goldau, named Arth-Goldau, is an important junction of the Swiss Federal Railways. The Voralpen Express train connects here to Luzern and St. Gallen. Meanwhile, trains to Bellinzona, Lugano and Italy, as well as trains to Zug and Zürich join here with trains heading toward Basel.
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
- Arth in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 28-Aug-2009
- Canton Schwyz Statistics (German) accessed 27 August 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arth.|