Asuka, Nara

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Asuka
明日香村
Village
Top left:Ishibutai(Stone Stage) Tomb, Top right:Asuka Temple, Middle left:Mount Mariko Tomb, Middle right:Mizuoch Ruin, Bottom left:Nara Prefectual Manyo Museum, Bottom right:Asuka Historical Reference Museum
Top left:Ishibutai(Stone Stage) Tomb, Top right:Asuka Temple, Middle left:Mount Mariko Tomb, Middle right:Mizuoch Ruin, Bottom left:Nara Prefectual Manyo Museum, Bottom right:Asuka Historical Reference Museum
Flag of Asuka
Flag
Location of Asuka in Nara Prefecture
Location of Asuka in Nara Prefecture
Asuka is located in Japan
Asuka
Asuka
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°28′N 135°49′E / 34.467°N 135.817°E / 34.467; 135.817Coordinates: 34°28′N 135°49′E / 34.467°N 135.817°E / 34.467; 135.817
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Nara Prefecture
District Takaichi
Government
 • Mayor Yuichi Morikawa (since October 2011)
Area
 • Total 24.08 km2 (9.30 sq mi)
Population (February 29, 2012)
 • Total 6,035
 • Density 250.62/km2 (649.1/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Zelkova serrata
- Flower Citrus tachibana
Address 55 Ōaza Oka, Asuka-mura, Nara-ken
634-0111
Phone number 0744-54-2001
Website Village of Asuka
the Ishibutai Kofun in Asuka
Okadera
This article is about the village of Asuka (明日香?). For articles related to the capital, sites and ruins of Asuka (飛鳥?), see Asuka, Yamato. For other uses, see Asuka.

Asuka (明日香村 Asuka-mura?) is a village located in Takaichi District, Nara Prefecture, Japan.

As of February 29, 2012, the village has an estimated population of 6,035, with 2,180 households, and a population density of 250.62 persons per km². The total area is 24.08 km².

Asuka is the land where ancient Asuka (飛鳥?) palaces were located. There are strict rules governing construction in this historic town.

Asuka can be reached from Okadera or Asuka Station on the Kintetsu Yoshino Line train line. Although it's outside Asuka, Kashiharajingū-mae Station in neighboring Kashihara has service on the Kintetsu Kashihara, Minami-Osaka and Yoshino Lines. By car, Asuka is on Route 169.

History[edit]

For the ancient Asuka, see Asuka period and Asuka, Yamato.

Thanks to the ancient capital, which is located there, Asuka has been known as a good place to sightsee, especially for history lovers.

In 1956, the village of Asuka (明日香) was founded as a result of a merger of three villages, Sakaai, Takechi and Asuka (飛鳥村).

In 1966, Asuka was proclaimed a "historic town", as defined by the national Special Arrangement for Preservation of Historic Sites Law [1] as well as Kyoto, Nara and Kamakura. The law restricts constructions and other civil engineering operations in the designated areas due preservation of the historic sites. In 1967, a part of Asuka, around 391ha in area, was designated as a historic site for preservation. Along with this decision, the government planned to build Asuka National Historic Park, for which construction was launched in 1966 and finished in 1994.

In 1972, a site with colorfully painted murals from the late Asuka period was found in the Takamatsuzuka Tomb.

Since the Special Arrangement for Preservation of Historic Sites Law (1966) restricts any visual changes in the areas which it concerns, it has directly affected the daily life of residents. To preserve the site, they have had to give up some elements of modern life. As compensation, the Asuka Law, which aims to preserve the site effectively and give economic support for Asuka residents, was settled in 1980.

Asuka stones and Kofun[edit]

In various parts of the Asuka region are unusual carved granite stones the largest of which is Masuda no iwafune. This is a large stone structure approximately 11 meters in length, 8 meters in width, and 4.7 meters In height. The upper surface is flat, with a shallow trough and two square holes. This is located on top of a hill just a few hundred meters west of Okadera Station. How or why this colossal stone and others was carved remains a mystery. They appear to be a different style than later Buddhist sculptures.[1][2] There are also several nearby kofuns or tombs including the Ishibutai Kofun which is built from massive boulders including one that weighs an estimated 75 tons. This may have been the tomb of Soga-no-Umako.[3]

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www2.gol.com/users/stever/asukas.htm
  2. ^ http://www.megalithic.co.uk/search.php?query=&topic=&author=&sitetype=44&county=602&category=&type=stories
  3. ^ http://www.asukanet.gr.jp/asukahome/ASUKA2/ASUKAKOFUN/isibutaiK.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Asuka, Nara at Wikimedia Commons