Arkwright was the seventh son of Peter Arkwright J.P. of Hock Houses near Matlock, and his wife Mary Anne Hurt, daughter of Charles Hurt. He was the grandson of Richard Arkwright Junior. Between 1829 and 1832, he was educated at Seaforth near Liverpool and in 1833 at the age of 12 went to Portsmouth Naval College. He left there in June 1835 and joined HMS Barham at the age of 14. He also served on HMS Curacoa and HMS Stag. He passed his examination to become Mate/Sub Lieutenant on 14 October 1840 and served as Mate on HMS Pantaloon on the Africa, Mediterranean, and Home stations and on the survey ship HMS Bonetta. He obtained his Lieutenant's commission on 6 February 1845 and served on HMS Trafalgar and HMS Caledonia. He became a Commander on 23 June 1859 and retired as Commander on 23 June 1869, becoming Captain on the Retired List on 23 June 1874.
Arkwright lived at Willersley Castle, Matlock and became a partner in Agra Bank Limited. He was elected at the 1868 general election as one of the two Members of Parliament (MPs) for North Derbyshire, and held the seat until his defeat at the 1880 general election.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Derbyshire Record Office Family correspondence of the Arkwright family of Rock House and Willersley Castle, Cromford D5991
- RN Executive Officers 1790-1870
- Matlock & Matlock Bath Names in the London Gazette Nineteenth Century Entries : 1871 - 1880
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 372. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Augustus Arkwright
- O'Byrne, William Richard (1849). " Augustus Arkwright". A Naval Biographical Dictionary. John Murray. Wikisource.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Lord George Henry Cavendish
Sir William Jackson, 1st Baronet
|Member of Parliament for North Derbyshire
With: Lord George Henry Cavendish
Lord Edward Cavendish
John Frederick Cheetham
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