Aviano

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Aviano
Comune
Comune di Aviano
Aviano is located in Italy
Aviano
Aviano
Location of Aviano in Italy
Coordinates: 46°04′N 12°35′E / 46.067°N 12.583°E / 46.067; 12.583Coordinates: 46°04′N 12°35′E / 46.067°N 12.583°E / 46.067; 12.583
Country Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Province Pordenone (PN)
Frazioni Villotta, Costa, Giais, Marsure, Piancavallo, Castello di Aviano, San Martino di Campagna
Government
 • Mayor Stefano Del Cont Bernard (from May 27, 2007)
Area
 • Total 113 km2 (44 sq mi)
Elevation 159 m (522 ft)
Population (December 31, 2004)
 • Total 8,747
 • Density 77/km2 (200/sq mi)
Demonym Avianesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 33081
Dialing code 0434
Patron saint St. Zenone
Website Official website

Aviano (Friulian: Avian) is a town and comune of province of Pordenone at the foot of the Dolomites mountain range in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, northern Italy.

History[edit]

Although Aviano has been inhabited only since the 10th century AD, evidence of a human presence dates to before the Romans entered the area in 186 BC. Most historians believe that Aviano developed with a commercial center located where present day Aviano is situated and a cultural and defensive center in the castle area. Aviano was a possession of the Patriarchal State of Friuli until 1420, when it came under the influence of the Venetian Republic. Aviano became a part of the Italian State in 1866.

Main sights[edit]

A part of Piancavallo ski resort
  • The remains of the Castle (first half of the 10th century), on a hill nearby the city, including two towers, the mastio and the walls. The latter include the Renaissance-style church of Santa Maria e Giuliana (1589), which houses a precious stone Pietà sculpture by masters from Salzburg.
  • The Cathedral of San Zenone (Duomo), built between 1775 and 1832. It has paintings from the 16th and 17th centuries, one of which attributed to Paolo Veronese's school.
  • The church of St. Gregory, in the frazione of Castello, with a precious fresco cycle of the Passion of Christ (late 16th century).
  • The church Madonna della Monte on the hillside north of Aviano.

In the neighbourhood is the ski resort of Piancavallo, elevation 1,267 metres (4,157 ft) above sea level, at the foot of Monte Cavallo, 2,250 metres (7,380 ft).

Transports[edit]

Aviano has a station on the Sacile-Pinzano Railway: the Aviano railway station, which connects the city of Sacile, on the Venice-Udine railway, to the city of Pinzano, on the Gemona of Friuli-Casarsa railway.

Aviano Air Base[edit]

Main article: Aviano Air Base
USAF F-16s in the Aviano air base.

Pre-dating the U.S. Air Force, Aviano Air Base was established by Italy in 1911. The base is considered the birthplace of Italian aviation. There has been an American presence at Aviano Air Base since the end of World War II. In 1954 the Italian and American governments signed a joint use agreement and by 1955, HQ United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) had moved its Italian operations from Udine to Aviano. The base went through a period of hosting rotational fighter squadrons. With the declining use of the Italian live fire range, the rotational squadrons became a thing of the past. Aviano became a war reserve material storage base and played a big part in Desert Storm. In 1992, HQ 16th Air Force and the 401st Fighter Wing moved from Torrejon Air Base, Spain to Aviano. The Wing became home to two F-16 fighter squadrons, the 510th FS and the 555th FS. Both squadrons relocated from Ramstein AB in 1994 and redesignated. The wing was redesignated from the 401st Fighter Wing to the 31st Fighter Wing in 1994 as Aviano took on permanently based aircraft for the first time in over 50 years. The base currently performs a NATO mission with close coordination with Italian personnel.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Aviano is twinned with:

People[edit]

External links[edit]