Ayutthaya Historical Park

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic City of Ayutthaya
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Plan of Ayutthaya historical park
Type Cultural
Criteria iii
Reference 576
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 1991 (15th Session)
The head of Buddha in Wat Mahathat

The Ayutthaya historical park (Thai: อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พระนครศรีอยุธยา (Pronunciation)) covers the ruins of the old city of Ayutthaya, Thailand. The city of Ayutthaya was founded by King Ramathibodi I in 1350 and was the capital of the country until its destruction by the Burmese army in 1767.[1]

In 1969 the Fine Arts Department began with renovations of the ruins, which became more serious after it was declared a historical park in 1976. The park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981.[2] Thirty-five kings ruled the Ayutthaya kingdom during its existence. King Narai (1656 CE to 1688 CE) not only held court in Ayutthaya but also from his palace in the nearby city of Lopburi, from where he ruled 8–9 months in the year.[relevant? ]

Park sites[edit]

  • Wat Ratchaburana
  • Wat Mahathat
  • Wat Phra Sri Sanphet
  • Wat Phra Ram
  • Wat Lokayasutha
  • Wat Kasatrathiraj
  • Wiharn Phra Mongkhon Bopit
  • Wat Yai Chai Mongkon
  • Phra Chedi Suriyothai
  • Wat Phanan Choeng
  • Wat Chaiwatthanaram
  • Ayutthaya historical Study Centre
  • Japanese Settlement
  • Wat Phu Khao Thong
  • Elephant Camp

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic City of Ayutthaya - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Ayutthaya, Thailand". KhaoSanRoad.com. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°21′N 100°35′E / 14.350°N 100.583°E / 14.350; 100.583